Bibliography of Sources & Examples for Glossary of Orientalisms

This bibliography contains all of the sources cited in the Glossary of Orientalisms. They are not intended to be recommended sources for the study of Orientalism. In some cases, they are; but in other cases they are only passing usages of the term they exemplify. And while there are numerous duplications between this and the Main Bibliography, they are two distinct bibliographies with two different purposes. The Main Bibliography, it could be said, is an "official" one, while this one is more "playful" and contains some interesting items that would not normally appear in a bibliography on Orientalism.

Herb Swanson
April 2017

Note: in this bibliography, the Arabic prefixes "al-" and "Al-" are always alphabetized under the main part of the name.

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z



Abbadi, Fatima. (2015) “London Exhibition: ‘Parallel Orientalism’.” At Fatima Abbadi Photography (fatimaabbadi.blogspot.com). Accessed 14 July 2017.

Abdel-Malek, Anouar. (1963) "Orientalism in Crisis." Diogenes 11, 44 (December 1963): 103-140.

Abdo, Nahla. (1995) “Feminism and Difference: The Struggle of Palestinian Women.” Canadian Woman Studies/Les Cahiers de la Feme 15, 2-3 (1995): 141-145.

Abdollmohammadi, Mehron. (2013) “Infant Phenomenology,” 26 October 2013. At OP: Original Plumbing (http://www.originalplumbing.com). Accessed 13 August 2016.

Abeysekara, Ananda. (2002) Colors of the Robe: Religion, Identity, and Difference. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2002.

Abu-Lughod, Lila. (2013) Do Muslim Women Need Saving? Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2013.

__________. (2001) "’ Orientalism’ and Middle East Feminist Studies." Feminist Studies 27, 1 (Spring 2001): 101-113.

Adam, Heribert, and Kogila Moodley. (2005) Seeking Mandela: Peacemaking Between Israelis and Palestinians. London: UCL Press, 2005.

Adler, Franklin Hugh (2009) "Israel's Mizrahim: "Other" Victims of Zionism or a Bridge to Regional Reconciliation?," Macalester International 23, 1 (2009): 159-173.

Aggarwal, Neil K. (2015) Mental Health in the War on Terror: Culture, Science, and Statecraft. New York: Columbia University Press, 2015.

Ahmad, Dohra. (2009) Landscape of Hope: Anti-Colonial Utopianism in America. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Ahmed, Siraj. (2009) “Orientalism and the Permanent Fix of War.” In The Postcolonial Enlightenment: Eighteenth-Century Colonialism and Post-Colonial Theory. Edited by Daniel Carey and Lynn Festa, 167-206. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Aitken, Ian. (2001) European Film Theory and Cinema: A Critical Introduction. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001.

Ajami, Fouad. (2009) “A Cold-Blooded Foreign Policy.” At The Wall Street Journal: WSJ.com (http://www.wsj.com), 30 December 2009. Accessed 26 February 2016.

Akbari, Suzanne Conklin. (2006) “Making Substantial Connections: A Critical Appreciation of Sheila Delany.” Florilegium 23, 1 (2006): 1-18.

Akbarzadeh, Shahram, and Bianca Smith. (2005) “The Representation of Islam and Muslims in the Media (The Age and Herald Sun Newspapers).” Sociology Compass 1, 2 (November 2007): 443-462.

Akhtar, Aasim Sajjad. (2014) “Orientalism lite,” 27 June 2014. At Dawn (http://www.dawn.com). Accessed 12 August 2016.

Akilli, Sinan. “Re-constructing the Western Self in the Ottoman Mirror: A Study of ‘Negative Auto-Occidentalism’ in the Contexts of American-Ottoman and Anglo-Ottoman Encounters.” Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi /Journal of Faculty of Letters 30, 1 (June 2013): 19-52.

Alam, Mohammad Shahid. (2002) “Bernard Lewis: Scholarship or Sophistry?” Studies in Contemporary Islam 4, 1 (Spring 2002): 53-80.

__________. (2006) Challenging the New Orientalism: Dissenting Essays on the ‘War Against Islam’. North Haledon, New Jersey: Islamic Publications International, 2006.

__________. (2012) “Native Orientalists in Pakistan,” May 2012. Social Science Research Network (http://papers.ssrn.com). Accessed 26 June 2016.

Alaoui, Ibrahim. (n.d.) “A Selection of Tunsian Contemporary Artists at Gallery 3,14,” n.d. At Stimftelsen 3,14 (http://www.stiftelsen314.com). Accessed 17 June 2017.

Alatas, Syed Farid.(2001) “Alternative Discourses in Southeast Asia.” Sari 19 (2001): 49-67.

__________. (2002) “Religion, Values and Capitalism in Asia.” In Local Cultures and the New Asia: The State, Culture, and Capitalism in Southeast Asia. Edited by C.J.W.-L. Wee, 107-128. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2002.

Alatas, Syed Farid, and Vineeta Sinha. (2001) “Teaching Classical Sociological Theory in Singapore: The Context of Eurocentrism.” Teaching Sociology 29 (July 2001): 316-331.

Alber, Jan. (2013) “The Specific Orientalism of Lord Byron’s Poetry.” AAA: Arbeiten aus Anglistik und Americanistik 38, 2 (2013): 107-127.

Alcalay, Ammiel. (1993) After Jews and Arabs: Remaking Levantine Culture. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press,1993.

Alhawamdeh, Hussein A. (2013) “The Different Western Perception of the Oriental Moor in the Renaissance and the Twentieth Century: Shakespeare’s Othello and Tayeb Salih’s Season of Migration to the North: A Post Colonial Critique.” 
Transnational Literature 5, 2 (May 2013). 
At Flinders University Commons (http://dspace2.flinders.edu.au). Accessed 21 July 2017.

Aliabadi, Ali M. (2004) “Anti-Islamic book,” 2 September 2004. Letter, at Narkive: NewsGroup Archive (http://narkive.com). Accessed 12 May 2017.

Alpert, Avram. (2016) “Buddhism and the Postmodern Novel: Severo Sarduy’s Cobra.” Twentieth-Century Literature 62, 1 (March 2016): 32-55.

Alter, Joseph S. (2000) Knowing Dil Das: Stories of a Himalayan Hunter. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000.

Alston, Vermonja Romona. (2004) “Race-Crossings at the Crossroads of African American Travel in the Caribbean.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Arizona, 2004.

Altun, Fahrettin. (2011) “Orientalization Practices in Mainstream Turkish Foreign News Coverage.” Perceptions: Journal of International Affairs 16, 3 (Autumn 2011): 139-166.

Amin-Khan, Tariq. (2012) “New Orientalism, Securitisation and the Western Media's Incendiary Racism.” Third World Quarterly 33, 9 (2012): 1595-1610.

Amit, Gish. (n.d.) “’This Heritage must be Saved from Oblivion’: The Hebrew University, the National Library of Israel, and the Manuscripts of the Jews of Yemen,” n.d. Paper, translated by Sue Goldian. At Docplayer (http://docplayer.net). Accessed 12 August 2017.

Amster, Ellen J. (2013) Medicine and the Saints: Science, Islam, and the Colonial Encounter in Morocco, 1877-1956. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press, 2013.

Andrea, Bernadette. (2007) Women and Islam in Early Modern English Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Angotti, Thomas. (2012) The New Century of the Metropolis: Urban Enclaves and Orientalism. New York and London: Routledge, 2012.

Antonius, Rachad. (2013) “A Mediated Relationship: Media Representations of Arabs and Muslims as a Political Process.” In Targeted Transnationals: The State, the Media, and Arab Canadians. Edited by Jenna Hennebry and Bessma Momani, 110-128. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2013.

Aoyama, Yuko. (2007) “The Role of Consumption and Gobalization in a Cultural Industry: The Case of Flamenco.” Geoforum 38 (January 2007): 103-113.

Aponte, Edwin David. (2015) “Theologizing Popular Protestantism.” In The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Latino/a Theology. Edited by Orlando O. Espin, 401-420. Chichester, England: Wiley Blackwell, 2015.

App, Urs. (2009) "William Jones’s Ancient Theology." Sino-Platonic Papers 191 (July, 2009).

Aravamudan, Srinivas. (2012) Enlightenment Orientalism: Resisting the Rise of the Novel. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.

Arnold, David John. (2006) The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze: India, Landscape, and Science, 1800-1865. Seattle, Washington: University of Washington Press, 2006.

Arti, Sulaiman. (2007) “The Evolution of Hollywood’s Representation of Arabs before 9/11: The Relationship between Events and the Notion of ‘Otherness’.” At Networking Knowledge: Journal of the MeCCSA Postgraduate Network 1, 2 (2007). At MeCCSA Postgraduate Network (http://ojs.meccsa.org.uk). Accessed 11 July 2016.

Asscari, Maurizio. (2006) “Shifting Borders: The Lure of Italy and the Orient in the Writings of 18th and 19th Century British Travellers.” In Sites of Exchange: European Crossroads and Faultlines. Edited by Maurizio Asscari and Adriana Corrodo, 227-236. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, 2006.

Auerbach, Jerold S. (2001) Are We One?; Jewish Identity in the United States and Israel. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2001.

Aull, Felice, and Bradley Lewis. (2004) “Medical Intellectuals: Resisting Medical Orientalism.” Journal of Medical Humanities 25, 2 (Summer 2004): 87-108.

Avelar, Ana Paula. (2007) “Orientalism or Oriental Studies: Stereotypes and Rituality – the Tea Cult.” In Sights and Insights: Interactive Images of Europe and the Wider World. Edited by Mary N. Harris, 23-34. Pisa, Italy: PLUS-Pisa University Press, 2007.

Azad, Hasan. (2014) Interview with Wael Hallaq, 21 May 2014. At Tabsir (http://tabsir.net). Accessed 15 July 2017.

Azadpur, Mohammad. (2007) “Is ‘Islamic’ Philosophy Islamic?” Voice of Islam. Vol. 1 Voice of Tradition. Edited by Vincent J. Cornell, 23-41. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 2007.

al-Azm, Sadik Jalal. (2000) "Orientalism and Orientalism in Reverse." In Orientalism: A Reader. Edited by A. L. Macfie, 217-238. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000.


Babyak, Tekla B. (2014) “Nietzsche, Debussy, and the Shadow of Wagner.” Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell University, 2014.

Bachórz, Agata. (2016) “Disgusting Shark Meat and the Taste of North: Icelandic Food in the“Mouth”of Polish Tourists and Migrants.” In Mobility to the Edges of Europe: The Case of Island and Poland. Edited by Unnur Dís Skaptadóttir and Dorota Rancew-Sikora, 109-135. Warsaw: Scholar Publishing House, 2016.

Baddar, Maha. (2010) “From Athens (Via Alexandria) to Baghdad: Hybridity as Epistemology in the work of Al-Kindi, Al-Farbi, and the Rhetorical Legacy of the Medieval Arabic Translation Movement.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Arizona, 2010.

Baile, David. (2001) “Shabbtai Zvi and the Seductions of Jewish Orientalism.” Jerusalem Studies in Jewish Thought 17, 2 (2001 [English Section]): 85-110.

Bailey, Greg. (1989) “The Study of Religions in Australia: 2.” Australian Religion Studies Review 2, 3 (December 1989): 49-56.

Baier, Karl. (2016) “Theosophical Orientalism and the Structures of Intercultural Transfer: Annotations on the Appropriation of the Cakras in Early Theosophy.” In Theosophical Appropriations: Esotericism, Kabbalah, and the Transformation of Traditions. Edited by Julie Chajes and Boaz Huss, 309-352. [Beer-Sheva, Israel]: Ben Sheva Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Press, 2016.

Baktir, Hasan. (2007) “Representation of the Ottoman Orient in Eighteenth Century English Literature.” Ph.D. dissertation, Middle East Technical University, 2007.

Bain-Selbo, Eric. (2005) “Double Exposure.” Journal for Cultural and Religious Theory 6, 2 (Spring 2005): 95-100.

Baker, Carlos. (1934) “Emerson and Jones Very.” The New England Quarterly 7, 1 (March, 1934): 90-99.

Bakić-Hayden, Milica. "Nesting Orientalisms: The Case of Former Yugoslavia." Slavic Review 54, 4 (Winter 1995): 917-931.

Balci, Kerim. (2008) “S-type Dogmatic Orientalism.” World Bulletin 7, 49 (3 June 2008).

Balkiş Lale Babaoğlu. (2010) “Defining the Turk: Construction of Meaning in Operatic Orientalism.” International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music 41, 2 (December 2010): 185-193.

Banerji, Debashish. (2009) “Sri Aurobindo, India, and Ideological Discourse.” Collaboration: Journal of the Integral Yoga of Sri Aurobindo and the Mother 34, 2 (Fall 2009): 14-22.

Barbour, Richmond. (2003) Before Orientalism: London's Theatre of the East, 1576-1626. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Barkawi, Tarak and Keith Stanski. (2012) “Orientalism and War.” In Orientalism and War. Edited by Tarak Barkawi and Keith Stanski, 1-18. New York: Columbia University Press, 2012.

Barlow, Joanna R. (2005) Subject to Change: The Lessons of Latin American Women’s Testimonio for Truth, Fiction, & Theory. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina. Department of Romance, 2005.

Barrows, Adam. (2011) “Time Without Partitions: Midnight’s Children and Temporal Orientalism.” Ariel: A Review of International English Literature 42, 3-4 (July-October 2011): 89-101.

Bartulović, Alenka. (2010) “’We have an Old Debt With the Turk, and it Best be Settled': Ottoman Incursions through the Discursive Optics if Slovenian Historiography and Literature and Their Applicability in the Twenty-first century.” In Imagining 'the Turk'. Edited by Božidar Jezernik, 111-136. Newcastle upon Tyne, England: Cambridge Scholars, 2010.

Bar-Yosef, Eitan. (2004) "'Green and Pleasant Lands': England and the Holy Land in Plebeian Millenarian Culture, c. 1790-1820." In A New Imperial History: Culture, Identity and Modernity in Britain and the Empire 1660-1840. Edited by Kathleen Wilson, 155-175. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Bash, Leslie. (2012) “Intercultural Education and the Global-Local Context: Critiquing the Culturalist Narrative.” Issues in Educational Research 22, 1 (2012): 18-28.

Basri, Mohammad Hasan. (2011) “Feminine Dimension in Islam and the Era of Masculinization Toward Nature.” Egalita Jurnal Kesetaraan dan Keadilan Gender 6, 2 (June 2011): 95-102.

Basu, Manisha. (2017) The Rhetoric of Hindutva. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

Baviskar, Amita. (2006) “The Politics of Being ’Indigenous’.” In Indigeneity in India. Edited by Bengt T. Karlsson and T.B. Subba, 33-50. London: Kegan Paul, 2006.

Bayly, Christopher Alan. (1996) Empire and Information: Intelligence Gathering and Social Communication in India, 1780-1870. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Al-Bazei, Saad Abdulrahman. (1983) “Literary Orientalism in Nineteenth-Century Angl-American Literature: Its Formation and Continuity.” Ph.D. dissertation, Purdue University, 1983.

Beardslee, W. Armitage. (1892) “The Church in Russia.” Missionary Review of the World 15, 2 (October 1892): 745-748.

Beckett, Katharine Scarfe. (2003) Anglo-Saxon Perceptions of the Islamic World. Cambridge: Cambridge University, 2003.

Behdad, Ali. (1994) Belated Travellers: Orientalism in the Age of Colonial Dissolution. Cork: Cork University Press, 1994.

__________. (2010) “Orientalism Matters.” Mfs: Modern Fiction Studies 56, 4 (Winter 2010): 709-728.

__________. (1990) "Split Orientalism: The Micropolitics of Modern Representations of Europe's Other." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan, 1990.

Behnke, Andreas. (2013) NATO’s Security Discourse After the Cold War: Representing the West. London and New York: Routledge, 2013.

Bellenoit, Hayden J. A. (2007) Missionary Education and Empire in Late Colonial India, 1860-1920. London and New York: Rutledge, 2007.

Benjamin, Roger. (2004) “Orientalism, Modernism and Indigenous Identity. In Art of the Avant-gardes. Edited by Steve Edwards and Paul Wood, 85-103. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2004.

Bennett, Clinton. (2014) “Empires and Religions: Colonialism, Postcolonialism, and Orientalism.” In Controversies in Contemporary Religion: Education, Law, Politics, Society, and Spirituality, Vol. 1. Edited by Paul Hedges, 273-302. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger, an imprint of ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2014.

Bevir, Mark. (1994) "The West Turns Eastward: Madame Blavatsky and the Transformation of the Occult Tradition." Journal of the American Academy of Religion 62, 3 (Fall 1994): 747-767.

Beydoun, Khaled A. (2016) “Between Indigence, Islamophobia, and Erasure: Poor and Muslim in ‘War on Terror’ America.” California Law Review 104, 6 (December 2016): 1463-1501.

Biddick, Kathleen. (1998) The Shock of Medievalism. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1998.

Binhammer, Katherine, et. al. (2014) “Srinivas Aravamudan’s Enlightenment Orientalism: Resisting the Rise of the Novel: A Roundtable Discussion." Lumen 33 (2014): 1-26.

Birnbaum, Marianna. (2006) "Renaissance Orientalism." Harvard Ukrainian Studies 28 (2006): 379-38. .

Bittersweet. (2003) “Orientalism by Edward Said,” 11 October 2003. At The Literature Network Forums (http://www.online-literature.com/forums). Accessed 17 July 2017.

Bivins, Roberta E. (200) Acupuncture, Expertise and Cross-Cultural Medicine. New York: Palgrave, 2000. .

Blau, Herbert. (1999) Nothing in Itself: Complexions of Fashion. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1999. .

Blitsen, Pablo A. (2016) “Sinology: Chinese Intellectual History and Transcultural Studies” Transcultural Studies 2 (2016): 136-167.

Bloom, Clive. (2010) Gothic Histories: The Taste for Terror, 1746 to the Present. London and New York: Continuum, 2010.

Boer, Inge E. (2003) “Introduction: Imaginative Geographies and the Discourse of Orientalism.” In After Orientalism: Critical Entanglements, Productive Looks. Edited by Inge E. Boer, 9-22. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, 2003.

Bohlman, Philip. (2008) Jewish Music and Modernity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Boone, Joseph A. (2014) The Homoerotics of Orientalism. New York: Columbia University Press, 2014.

Boop, [Franz]. (1849) “A Comparative Grammar…” Translated by “Professor Wilson”. The Calcutta Review 11-12 (1849): 468-493.

Borgreen, Gunhild. (2016) “Crazy about Japan: Japonisme in Nordic Art and Design on Display.” Orientaliska Studier 147 (2016): 171-186.

Borlik, Todd A. (2011) “A Season in Intercultural Limbo: Ninagawa Yukio’s Doctor Faustus, Theatre Cocoon, Tokyo.” Shakespeare Quarterly 62, 3 (Fall 2011): 444-456. .

Borup, Jørn. (2004) "Zen and the Art of Inverting Orientalism: Religious Studies and Genealogical Networks." In New Approaches to the Study of Religion, vol. 1, Regional, Critical, and Historical Approaches. Edited by Peter Antes, Armin W. Geertz, and Randi R. Warne, 451-487. Berlin: Verlag de Gruyter, 2004. .

Bose, Sujit. Essays on Anglo-Indian Literature. New Delhi: Northern Book Centre, 2004. .

Bougetta, Fouad and Sally Bould. (2005) “Oil Revenues and Problematic Development: The Case of Algeria.” Discourse of Sociological Practice 7, 1 & 2 (Spring/Fall 2005): 217-229. .

Bowman, Jim. (2015) Narratives of Cyprus: Modern Travel Writing and Cultural Encounters since Lawrence Durrell. London and New York: I. B. Tauris, 2015.

Braun, Bruce. (2002) The Intemperate Rainforest: Nature, Culture, and Power on Canada's West Coast. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 2002.

Braun, Erik. (2009) “Local and Translocal in the Study of Theravada Buddhism and Modernity.” Religion Compass 3, 6 (December 2009): 935-950.

Breckenridge, Carol A. and Peter van der Veer. (1993) “Orientalism and the Postcolonial Predicament.” In Orientalism and the Postcolonial Predicament: Perspectives on South Asia. Edited by Carol A. Breckenridge and Peter van der Veers, 1-19. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993.

Brimnes, Niels. (1999) Constructing the Colonial Encounter: Right and Left Hand Castes in Early Castes in Early Colonial South India. Richmond, England: Curzon, 1999.

Brigham, David Gardner. “The Discursive Construction of Muslim Identity as an Enemy ‘Other’ in America.” M.A. thesis, University of Colorado, 2013.

Brody, David. (2010) Visualizing American Empire: Orientalism and Imperialism in the Philippines. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

Brodski, Yehonathan (2015) “The Sheikh of Princeton: Philip Hitti and the Tides of History.” Ph.D. dissertation, The University of Texas, 2015.

Broekhoff, Marna. (2014) “A Tale of Two Writing Centers in Namibia: Lessons for Us All.” Journal of Academic Writing 4, 1 (Spring 2014): 66-78.

Brouillette, Sarah. (2011) “On the Entrepreneurial Ethos in Aravind Adiga’s The White Tiger.” In Re-Orientalism and South Asian Identity Politics: The Oriental Other Within. Edited by Lisa Lau and Ana Cristina Mendes, 40-55. London and New York: Routledge, 2011.

Brown, Robert. (1902) Mr. Gladstone as I Knew Him, and Other Essays. London and Oxford: Williams and Norgate, 1902.

Bryce, Derek. (2013) “Historicising Hospitality and Tourism Consumption: Exploring Orientalist Expectations of the Middle East.” Consumption Markets & Culture 16, 1 (2013): 45-64.

Buckley, Sandra. (2000) “Sexing the Kitchen: Okoge and Other Tales of Contemporary Japan.” In Queer Diaspora. Edited by Cindy Patton and Benigno Sánchez-Eppler, 215-244. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2000.

Bukay, David. (2007) “Can There Be an Islamic Democracy?” Middle East Quarterly 14, 2 (Spring 2007): 71-79.

Burgess, Anthony. (2012) Earthly Powers. New York: Europa Editions, 2012.

Burgess, Vincent Edward, (2011) "Gandhi's Diet and 'The Other' Side of Orientalism." M.A. thesis, University of Colorado, 2011.

Burke, Paul. (2011) Law's Anthropology: From Ethnography to Expert Testimony in Native Title. Canberra, ACT: ANU E Press, 2011.

Burns, Dylan M.(2014) Apocalypse of the Alien God: Platonism and the Exile of Sethian Gnosticism. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014.

Burrows, Genna. (2016) “The Politics of Arabic Script.” Ph.D. dissertation, Australian National University, 2016.

Burrows, Michael. (2016) “The Lives of Others: The Colonial Gaze in Albanian Film Coproductions.” B.A. thesis, College of William and Mary, 2016.

Bush, Christopher. (2008) “Modernism, Orientalism, and East Asia.” In A Handbook of Modernism Studies. Edited by Jean-Michel Rabaté, 193-208. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 2008.

Buskens, Léon, and Baudouin Dupret. (2015) “The Invention of Islamic Law: A History of Western Studies of Islamic Normativity and Their Spread in the Orient.” In After Orientalism: Critical Perspectives on Western Agency and Eastern Re-appropriations. Edited by François Pouillion and Jean-Claude Vatin, 31-47. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2015.

Butler, Melanie. (2008) “Canadian Women and the (Re)production of Women in Afghanistan.” M.A. thesis, University of British Columbia, 2008.


Caho, Emily. (2008) “Layered Alterities: Discourses of the Other in Lijiang, China.” Concentric: Literary and Cultural Studies 34, 2 (September 2008): 101-120.

Calia, Philippe. (2011) “’Representing the Other’ Today: Contemporary Photography in the Light of the Postcolonial Debate (With a Special Focus on India).” Revista Forma 4 (Fall 2011): 55-66.

Carastathis, Anna. (2014) “Is Hellenism an Orientalism? Reflections on the Boundaries of ‘Europe’ in an Age of Austerity.” Critical Race and Whiteness Studies 10, 1 (2014): 1-17.

Çarmikli, Eyup Sabri. (2011) “Caught Between Islam and the West” Secularism in the Kemalist Discourse.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Westminster, 2011.

Carney, Elizabeth D. (2010) “Olympias and Oliver: Sex, Sexual Stereotyping, and Women in Oliver Stone’s Alexander.” In Respones to Oliver Stone’s Alexander: Film, History, and Cultural Studies. Edited by Paul Cartledge and Fiona Rose Greenland, 135-167. Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 2010.

Carrier, James G. (1992) "Occidentalism: the World Turned Upside Down." American Ethnologist 19, 2 (May 1992): 195-212.

Casper, Mary Frances. (2007) “American Dreaming and Cultural Ethnocentrism: A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Mythic Discourse in the U. S. State Department’s Share Values initiative.” Ph.D. dissertation, North Dakota State University, 2007.

Cass, Jeffrey. (2006) “Interrogating Orientalism: Theories and Practices.” In Interrogating Orientalism: Contextual Approaches and Pedagogical Practices. Edited by Diane Long Hoeveler, Jeffrey Cass, 25-45. Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio State University Press, 2006.

Cavalieratos, Alexander. (2003) “Encountering Palestine: Sweish Pilgrim-Tourists between Colonialism and the Bible.” In Encounters: Representations fo the Others in Modern European History. Edited by Madeleine Hurd, 91-132. Huddinge, Sweden: Södertörns högskola 2003.

Cazzato, Luigi. (2016) “Mediterranean: Coloniality, Migration, and Decolonial Practices.” Politics: Revista di Studi Politici 15, 1 (2016): 1-17.

Chae, Young Gil. (2008) ”Immigrant Media and Communication Processes for Social Change in Korea: A Case Study of Migrants Workers Television.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, 2008.

Chagnon, Curtis. (2014) “Examples of Orientalism in Western Pop-Culture.” At Prezi (https://prezi.com). Accessed 4 June 2017.

Chakrabarti, Anjan, and Anup Dhar. (2009) Dislocation and Resettlement in Development: From Third World to the World of the Third. London and New York: Routledge, 2009.

Chakrabarti, Shomki. (2015) “Multiculturalism as Reported by the European Online Press: A Qualitative Study on the Manifestation of Othering Discourses.” MA thesis, University of Central Florida, 2015.

Chakravarty, Gautam. (2005) The Indian Mutiny and the British Imagination. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Chan, Adrian. (2009) Orientalism in Sinology. Palo Alto, California: Academica Press, 2009.

Chan-Malik, Sylvia. (2011) “Chadors, Feminists, Terror: The Racial Politics of U.S. Media Representations of the 1979 Iranian Women’s Movement.” In Race, Religion, and Late Democracy. Edited by John L. Jackson and David K. Kim, 112-147. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE, 2011.

Chatterjee, Margaret. (1997) Studies in Modern Jewish and Hindu Thought. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan Press and New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997.

Chaudhuri, Ajit. (1994) “On Colonial Hegemony: Toward a Critique of Brown Orientalism.” Rethinking Marxism 7, 4 (1994): 44-58.

Chaudhuri, Ajit, Anjan Chakrabarti, and Dīpaṅkara Dāsa. (2000) Margin of Margin: Profile of an Unrepentant Postcolonial Collaborator. Calcutta: Anustup, 2000.

Chen, Li (2016) Chinese Law in Imperial Eyes: Sovereignty, Justice, and Transcultural Politics. New York: Columbia University Press, 2016.

Cheng, Wendy. (2013) "Strategic Orientalism: Racial Capitalism and the Problem of ‘Asianness’.” African Identities 11, 2 (2013):148-158.

Cherkaoui, Tarek. (2010) “Orientalism, Pan-Arabism, and Military-Media Warfare: a Comparison between CNN and Aljazeera Coverage of the Iraq War.” Ph.D. dissertation, Auckland University of Technology, 2010.

Cheung, King-Kok. (2012) “Theorizing in Narrative Form’:
Premonitions of Orientalism and Racist Love in Bing Xin’s ‘The Photograph’.” Transnational Literature 5,1 (November 2012).

Chiu, Fred Y. L. (1999) “Nationalist Anthropology in Taiwan, 1945-1996: A Reflexive Survey.” In Anthropology and Colonialism in Asia and Oceania. Edited by Jan van Bremen and Akitoshi Shimizu, 93-112. London and New York: Routledge Curzon,

Choudhury, Mita. (2000) Interculturalism and Resistance in the London Theater, 1660-1800. Lewisburg, Pennsylvania: Bucknell University Press and London: Associated University Presses, 2000.

Chowdhury, Elora Halim. (2009) “’Transnational Reversed’: Engaging Religion, Development and Women’s Organizing in Bangladesh.” Women’s Studies International Forum 32 (2009): 414-423.

Christian, Jenna, Lorraine Dowler, and Dana Cuomo. (2015) “Fear, Feminist Geopolitics and the Hot and Banal.” Political Geography (2015). At Science Direct (http://www.sciencedirect.com). At May 2, 2016.

Chu, Yiu-Wai. (2013) Lost in Transition: Hong Kong Culture in the Age of China. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, 2013.

Chun, Allen. "An Oriental Orientalism: The Paradox of Tradition and Modernity in Nationalist Taiwan." History and Anthropology 9, 1 (1995): 27-56.

Chun, Wendy Hui Kyong. (1999) “Sexuality in the Age of Fiber Optics” Ph. D. dissertation, Princeton University, 1999.

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