Orientalism: A Bibliography
Last Updated: October 2017
Last Updated: October 2017
The purpose of this bibliography is to provide users with a wide variety of sources growing out of and addressing the scholarly "discussion" of the notion of Orientalism. It includes both ground-breaking, major studies and examples of the many different uses to which the concept of Orientalism has been put. While the study of Orientalism has indistinct boundaries and shades into other fields of study, especially postcolonial studies, this bibliography only contains sources that are entirely or primarily concerned with Orientalism.
The original version of this bibliography was first posted on herbswanson.com in 2004 and grew out of my research into the history of Protestant missions and churches in Thailand. Although a large number of new entries have been added, this bibliography remains a work in progress. It is divided into two sections: Books and Articles immediately below and Reviews of Said's Orientalism following.
Note: in this bibliography, the Arabic prefixes "al-" and "Al-" are always alphabetized under the main part of the name.
Books and Articles
Abaza, Mona. "The Discourse on Islamic Fundamentalism in the Middle East and Southeast Asia: A Critical Perspective."Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia 6, 2 (August 1991): 203-239.
Abaza, Mona, and Georg Stauth. "Occidental Reason, Orientalism, Islamic Fundamentalism: A Critique." International Sociology 3,4 (December 1988): 343-364.
Abdel-Malek, Anouar. "Orientalism in Crisis." Diogenes 11, 44 (December 1963): 103-140.
Abdul-Masih, Magi. “Orientalism in Christian Theology.” In Christians and the Middle East Conflict. Edited by Paul S. Rowe, John H. A. Dyck and Jens Zimmermann, 44-52. New York: Routledge, 2014.
Abu-Lughod, Lila. Do Muslim Women Need Saving? Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2013.
__________. "Orientalism and Middle East Feminist Studies." Feminist Studies 27, 1 (Spring 2001): 101-113.
__________. "Zones of Theory in the Anthropology of the Arab World." Annual Review of Anthropology 18 (1989): 267-306.
Achcar, Gilbert. Marxism, Orientalism, Cosmopolitanism. Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2013.
Ackerman, Gerald. American Orientalists. Paris: Art Creation Realisation, 1994.
Adluri, Vishwa P. “Pride and Prejudice: Orientalism and German Indology.” International Journal of Hindu Studies 15, 3 (December 2011): 253-292.
Adnan-Adivar, Abdülhak. “A Turkish Account of Orientalism: A Translation of the Introduction to the Turkish Edition of the Encyclopedia of Islam.” Muslim World 43, 4 (October 1953): 260–282.
Ahmad, Aijaz. "Between Orientalism and Historicism." Studies in History 7, 1 (February 1991): 135-163.
__________. "Orientalism and After: Ambivalence and Cosmopolitan Location in the Work of Edward Said." Economic and Political Weekly 27, 30 (July 25, 1992): PE98-PE116.
__________. "Orientalism and After: Ambivalence and Metropolitan Location in the Work of Edward Said." In In Theory: Classes, Nations, Literatures, 159-220. London: Verso, 1992.
__________. “Orientalism and the Permanent Fix of War.” In The Postcolonial Enlightenment: Eighteenth-Century Colonialism and Post-Colonial Theory. Edited by Daniel Carey and Lynn Festa, 167-206. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Al-i Ahmad, Jala, and Hamad Algar, eds. Occidentosis: A Plague from the West. Berkeley, California: Mizen Press, 1984.
Akram, Susan Musarrat. "Orientalism Revisited in Asylum and Refugee Claims." In Moral Imperialism: A Critical Anthology.. Edited by Berta Esperanza Hernández-Truyol, 61-77. New York: New York University Press, 2002.
Alam, M. Shahid. Challenging the New Orientalism: Dissenting Essays on the "War Against Islam". North Haledon, New Jersey: Islamic Publications International, 2006.
Alatas, Syed Farid. “Alternative Discourses in Southeast Asia.” Sari 19 (2001): 49-67.
Alloula, Malek. The Colonial Harem. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 1986.
Almond, Ian. The New Orientalists: Postmodern Representations of Islam from Foucault to Baudrillard. London: I. B. Tauris, 2007.
Alsulami, Mohammed S.H. "Iranian Orientalism: Notions of the Other in Modern Iranian Thought." Ph.D. dissertation, Leiden University, 2014.
Amin-Khan, Tariq. "New Orientalism, Securitisation and the Western Media's Incendiary Racism." Third World Quarterly 33, 9 (2012): 1595-1610.
Amstutz, Galen Dean. Interpreting Amida: History and Orientalism in the Study of Pure Land Buddhism. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, 1997.
Andrijauskas, Antanas. "Searching for Lithuanian Identity Between East and West." In Lithuanian Identity and Values. Edited by Aida Savicka, 53-79. Washington, D.C. : Council for Research in Values and Philosophy, 2007.
Angotti, Tom. The New Century of the Metropolis: Urban Enclaves and Orientalism. New York: Routledge, 2012.
Ansell-Pearson, Keith, Benita Parry, and Judith Squires, eds. Cultural Readings of Imperialism: Edward Said and the Gravity of History. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997.
App, Urs. The Birth of Orientalism: Encounters with Asia. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010.
Aravamudan, Srinivas. Enlightenment Orientalism: Resisting the Rise of the Novel. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.
Arberry, A. J. Oriental Essays: Portraits of Seven Scholars. London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd., .
Arjana, Sophia Rose. "The Monsters of Orientalism." In Muslims in the Western Imagination, 84-131. New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.
Aruri, Naseer Hasan and Muhammad A. Shuraydi. Revising Culture, Reinventing Peace: The Influence of Edward W. Said. New York: Olive Branch Press. 2001.
Ashcroft, Bill. "Representation and Its Discontents: Orientalism, Islam and the Palestinian Crisis." Religion 34, 2 (April 2004): 113-121.
__________. "Representation and Liberation: From Orientalism to the Palestinian Crisis." In Edward Said: A Legacy of Emancipation and Representation. Edited by Adel Iskander and Hakem Rustom, 291-303. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 2010.
Ashcroft, Bill and Pal Ahluwalia. Edward Said. London: Routledge, 2001.
Aull, Felice, and Bradley Lewis. “Medical Intellectuals: Resisting Medical Orientalism.” Journal of Medical Humanities 25, 2 (Summer 2004): 87-108.
Axelrod, Paul, and Fuerch, Michelle A. “Portuguese Orientalism and the Making of the Village Communities of Goa.” Ethnohistory 45, 3 (Summer 1998): 439-476.
al-Azm, Sadik Jalal. "Orientalism and Orientalism in Reverse." Khamsin 8 (1981): 5-26. Reprinted in In Orientalism: A Reader. Edited by A. L. Macfie, 217-238. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000.
al-Azmeh, Aziz. Islams and Modernities. London: Verso, 1993. 2nd ed. London and New York: Verso, 1996.
Bagchi, Kaushik. "An Orientalist in the Orient: Richard Garbe's Indian Journey, 1885-86." Journal of World History 14, 3 (September 2003): 281-325.
Bakić-Hayden, Milica. "Nesting Orientalisms: The Case of Former Yugoslavia." Slavic Review 54, 4 (Winter 1995): 917-931.
Bakić-Hayden, Milica, and Robert M. Hayden. “Orientalist Variations on the Theme‘ Balkans’: Symbolic Geography in Recent Yugoslav Cultural Politics.” Slavic Review 51, 1 (Spring 1992): 1– 15.
Bakshi, Parminder Kaur. "Homosexuality and Orientalism: Edward Carpenter's Journey to the East." Prose Studies: History, Theory, Criticism 13, 1 (1990): 151-177.
Balagangadhara, S. N. "Orientalism, Postcolonialism and the ‘Construction’ of Religion." In Rethinking Religion in India. Edited by Esther Bloch, Marianne Keppens, and Rajaram Hegde, 216-262. London and New York: Routledge, 2010.
Balagangadhara, S. N, and Marianne Keppens. "Reconceptualizing the Postcolonial Project: Beyond the Strictures and Structures of Orientalism." Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies 11, 1 (2009): 50-68.
Balkiş Lale Babaoğlu. “Defining the Turk: Construction of Meaning in Operatic Orientalism.” International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music 41, 2 (December 2110): 185-193.
Ballantyne, Tony. Orientalism and Race: Aryanism in the British Empire. Palgrave, 2002.
Ballaster, Ros. Fabulous Orients: Fictions of the East in England, 1662-1785. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Balme, Christopher. "Orientalism, Opera, and the Public Sphere." In Edward Said's Translocations: Essays in Secular Criticism. Edited by Tobias Döring and Mark Stein, 171-186. New York: Routledge, 2012.
Barbour, Richmond. Before Orientalism: London's Theatre of the East, 1576-1626. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Barkawi, Tarak and Keith Stanski, eds. Orientalism and War. New York: Columbia University Press, 2012.
Bartholomeusz, Tessa. “Spiritual Wealth and Neo-Orientalism.” Journal of Ecumenical Studies 35, 1 (Winter 1998): 19-32.
Bar-Yosef, Eitan. The Holy Land in English Culture 1799-1917: Palestine and the Question of Orientalism. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2005.
Baumann, Gerd. "Grammars of Identity/Alterity: A Structural Approach." In Grammars of Identity/Alterity: A Structural Approach. Edited by Gerd Baumann and André Gingrich, 18-52. New York and Oxford: Berhahn Books, 2006.
Bayly, Christopher Alan. Empire and Information: Intelligence Gathering and Social Communication in India, 1780-1870. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Bayouli, Tahar. "Elizabethan Orientalism and Its Contexts: the Representation of the Orient in Early Modern English Drama." International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies 1, 1 (2008): 109-128.
Bayoumi, Moustafa. "The God That Failed: The Neo-Orientalism of Today's Muslim Commentators." In Islamophobia/Islamophilia: Beyond the Politics of Enemy and Friend. Edited by Andrew Shryoc, 79-93. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2010.
Bayoumi, Moustafa and Andrew Rubin, eds. The Edward Said Reader. New York: Vintage Books, 2000.
Beaulieu, Jill and Mary Roberts, eds. Orientalism’s Interlocutors: Painting, Architecture, Photography. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2002.
Beckett, Katharine Scarfe. Anglo-Saxon Perceptions of the Islamic World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Behdad, Ali. Belated Travellers: Orientalism in the Age of Colonial Dissolution. Cork: Cork University Press, 1994.
__________. "Orientalism after Orientalism." L'Esprit Createur 34, 2 (Summer 1994): 3-11.
__________. "Split Orientalism: The Micropolitics of Modern Representations of Europe's Other." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan, 1990.
Behdad, Ali, and Luke Gartlan, eds. Photography's Orientalism: New Essays on Colonial Representation. Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2013.
Behdad, Ali, and Juliet Williams. "Neo-Orientalism." In Globalizing American Studies. Edited by Brian T. Edwards and Gaonkar Dilip Parameshwar, 283-299. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.
Benjamin, Roger. Orientalism: Delacroix to Klee. [Sydney]: Art Gallery of New South Wales, 1997.
__________. Orientalist Aesthetics: Art, Colonialism, and French North Africa, 1880-1930. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 2003.
Berman, Nina. German Literature on the Middle East: Discourses and Practices, 1000-1989. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2011.
__________. “Orientalism, Imperialism, and Nationalism: Karl May's Orientzyklus.” In The Imperialist Imagination. Edited by Sara Friedrichsmeyer, Sara Lennox, and Susanne Zantop, 51-67. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1998.
Bernstein, Matthew and Gaylyn Studlar, eds. Visions of the East: Orientalism in Film. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1997.
Bevir, Mark. "The West Turns Eastward: Madame Blavatsky and the Transformation of the Occult Tradition." Journal of the American Academy of Religion 62, 3 (Fall 1994): 747-767.
Bhabha, Homi. "The Other Question." Screen 24, 6 (November 1983): 18-36.
Bhatnagar, Rashmi. "Uses and Limits of Foucault: a Study of the Theme of Origins in Edward Said's Orientalism." Social Scientist/Trivandum 158 (July 1986): 3-22.
Bijlefeld, Willem A. "Controversies Around the Qur'anic Ibrahim Narrative and Its `Orientalist' Interpretation." Muslim World 72, 2 (April 1982): 81-94.
Bilgin, Pinar. “Is the ‘Orientalist’ Past the Future of Middle East Studies?” Third World Quarterly 25, 2, (2004): 423–433.
Boer, Inge E, ed. After Orientalism: Critical Entanglements, Productive Looks. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2003.
Bohrer, Frederick N. Orientalism and Visual Culture: Imagining Mesopotamia in Nineteenth-Century Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Boone, Joseph A. "Vacation Cruises; Or, the Homoerotics of Orientalism." PMLA 110, 1 (January 1995): 89-107. Reprinted in Feminist Postcolonial Theory: A Reader. Edited by Reina Lewis and Sara Mills, 460-488. New York: Routledge, 2003.
Børup, Jorn. “Zen and the Art of Inverting Orientalism: Buddhism, Religious Studies and Interrelated Networks.” In New Approaches to the Study of Religion, Volume I: Regional, Critical, and Historical Approaches. Edited by Peter Antes, Armin W. Geertz, and Randi R. Warne, 451-487. Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2004.
Bougetta, Fouad and Sally Bould. “Oil Revenues and Problematic Development: The Case of Algeria.” Discourse of Sociological Practice 7, 1 & 2 (Spring/Fall 2005): 217-229.
Bové, Paul A., ed. Edward Said and the Work of the Critic: Speaking Truth to Power. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2000.
__________. "Hope and Reconciliation: A Review of Edward W. Said." Boundary 20, 2 (Summer 1993): 266-282.
Boyarin, Daniel and Jonathon Boyarin. "Toward a Dialogue with Edward Said." Critical Inquiry 15 (Spring 1989): 626-633.
Brantlinger, Patrick. "Nations and Novels: Disraeli, George Eliot and Orientalism. Victorian Studies 35 (1992): 255-275.
__________. Rule of Darkness: British Literature and Imperialism 1830-1914. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1990.
Breckenridge, Carol A. and Peter van der Veer, eds. Orientalism and the Postcolonial Predicament: Perspectives on South Asia. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993.
Brennan, Timothy. "The Illusion of a Future: 'Orientalism' as Traveling Theory." Critical Inquiry 26, 3 (Spring, 2000): 558-583.
Brody, David. Visualizing American Empire: Orientalism and Imperialism in the Philippines. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2010.
Brook, Timothy. "Our Epistemological Mess: An Enthusiastic Reader's Response to Urs Apps The Birth of Orientalism." Journal of Chinese Religions 42, 1 (May 2014): 95-99.
Brown, Stewart J. "William Robertson, Early Orientalism and the Historical Disquisition on India of 1791." Scottish Historical Review 88, 2 (October 2009): 289-312.
Browne, Nick. "American Film Theory in the Silent Period: Orientalism as an Ideological Form." Wide Angle 11, 4 (October 1989): 23-31.
Brunotte, Ulrike, Anna-Dorothea Ludewig, and Axel Stähler, eds. Orientalism, Gender, and the Jews: Literary and Artistic Transformations of European National Discourses. Berlin: De Gruyter, Oldenbourg, .
Buchowski, Michal. "The Specter of Orientalism in Europe: From Exotic Other to Stigmatized Brother." Anthropological Quarterly 79, 3 (Summer 2006): 463-482.
Bulliet, Richard W. “Orientalism and Medieval Islamic Studies.” In The Past and Future of Medieval Studies. Edited by John Van Engen, 94–104. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 1994.
Burke, Edmund III. "Orientalism and World History: Representing Middle Eastern Nationalism and Islamism in the Twentieth Century." Theory and Society 27, 4 (August 1998): 489-507.
Burke, Edmund III, and David Prochaska, eds. Genealogies of Orientalism: History, Theory, Politics. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 2008.
Bustanov, Alfrid K. Soviet Orientalism and the Creation of Central Asian Nations. New York: Routledge, 2015.
Cain, Maureen. "Orientalism, Occidentalism and the Sociology of Crime." The British Journal of Criminology 40, 2 (March 2000):239-260.
Cain, William E. "Reviewing the State of Criticism, III: Edward Said. Orientalism." In The Crisis in Criticism: Theory, Literature, and Reform in English Studies. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984.
Cairns, Stephen. "The Stone Books of Orientalism." in Colonial Modernities: Building, Dwelling, and Architecture in British India. Edited by Peter Scriver and Vikramaditya Prakash, 51-65. London and New York: Routledge, 2006.
Callaghan, Clare. "Selected Bibliography of Work about and of Edward Said's Texts." CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture 5, 4 (March 2003). Available online at the CLCWeb website (here).
Camayd-Freixas, Erik, ed. Orientalism and Identity in Latin America: Fashioning Self and Other from the (post)Colonial Margin. Tucson, Arizona: University of Arizona Press, 2013.
Cañas, Sandra. “The Little Mosque On the Prairie: Examining (Multi) Cultural Spaces of Nation and Religion.” Cultural Dynamics 20, 3 (November 2008): 195-211.
Cannon, Garland. The Life and Mind of Oriental Jones: Sir William Jones, the Father of Modern Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Carrier, James G, ed. Occidentalism: Images of the West. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995. Reprint. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.
__________. "Occidentalism: the World Turned Upside Down." American Ethnologist 19, 2 (May 1992): 195-212.
Carta, Silvio. “Orientalism in the Documentary Representation of Culture.” Visual Anthropology 24, 5 (2011): 403-420.
Cassels, Nancy G., ed. Orientalism, Evangelicalism and the Military Cantonment in Early Nineteenth-Century India: A Historical Overview. Lewistown: Edwin Mellon Press, 1991.
Castillo, Greg. "Soviet Orientalism: Socialist Realism and Built Tradition." Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review 8, 2 (Spring 1997): 33-47.
Chakravarti, Uma. "Whatever happened to the Vedic Dasi?: Orientalism, Nationalism and a Script for the Past." In Recasting Women: Essays in Indian Colonial History. Edited by Kumkum Sangari and Sudesh Vaid, 27-87. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1990.
Chan, Adrian. Orientalism in Sinology. Palo Alto, California: Academic Press, 2009.
Chan, Christine. "Beyond Colonization, Commodification, and Reclamation: Recognizing and Retheorizing the Role of Religion in Hula." Pomona Senior Theses, Paper 3, 2011.
Chaudhuri, Ajit. “On Colonial Hegemony: Toward a Critique of Brown Orientalism.” Rethinking Marxism 7, 4 (1994): 44-58.
Chaudhuri, Nupur, and Margaret. Strobel, eds. Western Women and Imperialism: Complicity and Resistance. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1992.
Childs, Adrienne L. “The Black Exotic: Tradition and Ethnography in Nineteenth-Century Orientalist Art.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Maryland, 2005.
Chua, Peter. “Orientalism as Cultural Practices and the Production of Sociological Knowledge.” Sociology Compass 2, 4 (July 2008): 1179-1191.
Chun, Allen. "An Oriental Orientalism: The Paradox of Tradition and Modernity in Nationalist Taiwan." History and Anthropology 9, 1 (1995): 27-56.
Chun, Wendy Hui Kyong. Control and Freedom: Power and Paranoia in the Age of Fiber Optics. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2008.
Clarke, J. J. Oriental Enlightenment: the Encounter between Asia and Western Thought. London: Routledge, 1997.
Clifford, James. "On Orientalism." In The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth-Century Ethnography, Literature, and Art, 255-276. Cambridge, Massachussetts: Harvard University Press, 1988.
Cochran, Peter, ed.. Byron and Orientalism. New Castle: Cambridge Scholars Press, 2006.
Codell, J. F. and D. S. Macleod. Orientalism Transposed: the Impact of the Colonies on British Culture. Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 1998.
Cohen, Warren I., ed. Reflections on Orientalism. East Lansing, Michigan: Asian Studies Center, Michigan State University, 1983.
Colburn, Henry F. "Orientalism, Postcolonialism, and the Achaemenid Empire: Meditations on Bruce Lincoln's Religion, Empire, and Torture." Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 54, 2 (December 2011): 87–103.
Conrad, Lawrence I. "Ignaz Goldziher on Ernest Renan: From Orientalist Philology to the Study of Islam." In The Jewish Discovery of Islam; Studies in Honor of Bernard Lewis. Edited by Martin Kramer, 137-180. Tel Aviv, Israel: Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies, Tel Aviv University, 1999.
Coombe, Rosemary J. "The Properties of Culture and the Politics of Possessing Identity: Native Claims in the Cultural Appropriation Controversy." Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 6, 2 (July 1993): 249-285.
Coronil, Fernando. “Beyond Occidentalism: Toward Nonimperial Geohistorical Categories.” Cultural Anthropology 11, 1 (February 1996): 51–87.
Courville, Mathieu, Edward Said's Rhetoric of the Secular. London and New York: Continuum Publishing, 2010.
Costaa, Janeen Arnold. "Paradisal Discourse: A Critical Analysis of Marketing and Consuming Hawaii." Consumption Markets & Culture 1, 4 (1998): 303-346.
Crawley, William. "Sir William Jones: A Vision of Orientalism." Asian Affairs 27, 2 (June 1996): 163–176.
Crinson, Mark. Empire Building: Orientalism and Victorian Architecture. London: Routledge, 1996.
Culcasi, Karen. "Cartographically Constructing Kurdistan Within Geopolitical and Orientalist Dscourses." Political Geography 25, 6 (August 2006): 680–706.
Currie, Kate. Beyond Orientalism: An Exlporation of Some Recent Themes in Indian History and Society. Calcutta: K. P. Bagchi & Company, 1996.
Curthoys, Ned and Debjani Ganguly, eds. Edward Said: The Legacy of a Public Intellectual. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. 2007
Dabashi, Hamid. Post-Orientalism: Knowledge and Power in Time of Terror. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers, 2009.
Al-Dabbagh, Abdulla. Literary Orientalism, Postcolonialism, and Universalism. New York: Peter Lang, 2010.
Dahab, F. Elizabeth. "On Edward Said, Scholar and Public Intellectual." CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture 5, 4 (March 2003). Available online at the CLCWeb website (here).
Dahl, Darren E. “Criticizing ‘Secular Criticism’: Reading Religion in Edward Said and Kathryn Tanner.” Studies in Religion/Sciences Religieuses 31, 3-4 (September 2002): 59-371.
Dainotto, Roberto. "Orientalism, Mediterranean Style: the Limits of History at the Margins of Europe." In Europe (In Theory), 172-218. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2007.
Dallmayr, Fred. Beyond Orientalism: Essays on Cross-Cultural Encounter. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, 1996.
__________. "Exit From Orientalism: Comments on Wilhelm Halbfass." In Beyond Orientalism: The Work of Wilhelm Halbfass and Its Impact on Indian and Cross-Cultural Studies. Edited by Eli Franco, Karin Preisendanz, and Wilhelm Halbfass, 49-70. Amsterdam: Rodopi B.V., 1997. 1st Indian edition. Delhi: Motilal Benarsidass, 2007.
__________. "The Politics of Nonidentity: Adorno, Postmodernism—and Edward Said." Political Theory 25, 1 (February 1997): 33-56.
al-Da'mi, Muhammed A. "Orientalism and Arab-Islamic History: an Inquiry into the Orientalists' Motives and Compulsions" Arab Studies Quarterly 20, 4 (Fall 1998): 1-11.
Daniels, Norman. "Orientalism Again." In Studies In Arab History: The Antonius Lectures 1978-1987. Edited by Neil Fodor and Tony McKenna, 175-189. New York: Palgrave Mcmillan, 1990.
David, Alun. "Sir William Jones, Biblical Orientalism and Indian Scholarship." Modern Asian Studies 30, 1 (February 1996): 173-184.
David, Robert G. The Arctic in the British Imagination 1818-1914. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000.
Davies, Kristian. The Orientalists: Western Artists in Arabia, the Sahara, Persia and India. New York: Laynfaroh, 2005.
Degabriele, Maria. “Postorientlaism: Orientalism since Orientalism.” Ph.D. dissertation, Murdoch University, 1997.
Denny, Walter B. "Orientalism in European Art." The Muslim World 73, 3-4 (July-October 1983): 262-277.
Dew, Nicholas. Orientalism in Louis XIV's France. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Dirlik, Arif. "Chinese History and the Question of Orientalism." History and Theory 35, 4 (December 1996): 96-118.
Dobie, Madeleine. Foreign Bodies: Gender, Language, and Culture in French Orientalism. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2001.
Dodson, Michael S. Orientalism, Empire, and National Culture: India, 1770-1880. New Delhi: Foundation Books, 2011.
Doniger, Wendy. “Presidential Address: ‘I have Scinde’: Flogging a Dead (White Male Orientalist) Horse.” The Journal of Asian Studies 58, 4 (November 1999): 940–960.
Dossa, Shiraz. “Political Philosophy and Orientalism: The Classical Origins of a Discourse.” Alternatives 12, 3 (July 1987): 343–357.
Dubisch, Jill. "Lovers in the field." In Taboo: Sex, Identity, and Erotic Subjectivity in Anthropological Fieldwork. Edited by Don Kulick, and Margaret Willson, 29-50. London and New York: Routledge, 1995.
Dutton, Michael and Peter Williams. "Translating Theories: Edward Said on Orientalism, Imperialism and Alterity." Southern Review: Literary and Interdisciplinary Essays 26, 3 (November 1993): 314-57.
Edwards, Brian T. Morocco Bound: Disorienting America’s Maghreb, From Casablanca to the Marrakech Express. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2005.
Edwards, Holly, ed. Noble Dreams, Wicked Pleasures: Orientalism in America, 1870-1930. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.
Ellis, Robert Richmond. “A Passage to the Self: Homoerotic Orientalism and Hispanic Life-Writing.” Revista Canadiense de Estudios Hispánicos 30, 1 (Otoño [Autumn] 2005): 75-87.
Elmarsafy, Ziad, Anna Bernard, and David Attwell, eds. Debating Orientalism. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, England and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.
Enkvist, Inger. "Juan Goytisolo: A Special Kind of Orientalism." Readerly/Writerly Texts: Essays on Literature, Literary/Textual Criticism, and Pedagogy 5, 1-2 (Fall-Summer 1997-1998): 15-71.
Eriksson, Madeleine. "(Re)producing a Periphery: Popular Representations of the Swedish North." Doctoral dissertation, Department of Social and Economic Geography, Umeå Univversity, 2010.
Ernst, Carl W. "Between Orientalism and Fundamentalism: Problematizing the Teaching of Sufism." In Teaching Islam. Edited by Brannon M. Wheeler, 108-123. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Escovitz, Joseph H. "Orientalists and Orientalism in the Writings of Muhammad Kurd Ali." International Journal of Middle East Studies 15, 1 (February 1983): 95-109.
Esonwanne, Uzoma. "Critique and Extension: Said and Freud." Research in African Literatures 36, 3 (Fall 2005): 98-111.
Farris, Sara R. "An'Ideal Type' Called Orientalism." Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies 12, 2 (2010): 265-284.
Faure, Bernard. "The Buddhist Icon and the Modern Gaze." Critical Inquiry 24 (Spring 1998): 768-813.
Figueira, Daurius. Exiting a Racist Worldview: A Journey Through Foucault, Said and Marx to Liberation. New York: iUniverse, 2004.
Fleming, Katherine Elizabeth. The Muslim Bonaparte: Diplomacy and Orientalism in Ali Pasha's Greece. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999.
__________. "Orientalism, the Balkans, and Balkan Historiography." The American Historical Review 105, 4 (October 2000): 1218-1233.
Foltz, Richard. "Muslim 'Orientalism' in Medieval Travel Accounts of India." Studies in Religion/Sciences Religieuses 37, 1 (March 2008): 81-95.
Fox, Richard G. "East of Said." In Edward Said: A Critical Reader. Edited by Michael Sprinker, 144-146. Oxford: Blackwell, 1992.
Freiberger, Oliver. "Religion in Mirrors: Orientalism, Occidentalism, and Asian Religions." Journal of Global Buddhism 4 (2003): 9-17.
Freitag, Ulrike. "The Critique of Orientalism." In Companion to Historiography, edited by Michael Bentley, 620-640. London and New York: Routledge, 1997.
Fulford, Timothy, and Peter J. Kitson, eds. Romanticism and Colonialism: Writing and Empire, 1780-1830. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Gabrieli, Francesco. “Apology for Orientalism.” Diogenes 13, 50 (June 1965): 128-136. Also in Orientalism: A Reader. Edited by A. L. Macfie, 79-85. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000.
Gandhi, Leela. "Edward Said and His Critics." In Postcolonial Theory: A Critical Introduction, 64-80. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1998.
Ganguly, Keya. "Roundtable: Revisiting Edward Said's Orientalism." History of the Present 5, 1 (Spring 2015): 65-82.
Ganim, John M. Medievalism and Orientalism: Three Essays on Literature, Architecture and Cultural Identity. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
__________. "Medievalism and Orientalism at the World's Fairs." Studia Anglica Posnaniensia: International Review of English Studies 38 (Mid-Summer 2002): 179-190.
Geczy, Adam. Fashion and Orientalism: Dress, Textiles and Culture from the 17th to the 21st Century. London and New York: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2013.
Gellner, E. "In Defence of Orientalism." Sociology 14, 2 (May 1980): 295-300.
Gemie, Sharif. "France, Orientalism and Algeria: 54 Articles from the Revue des Deux Mondes." Journal of Algerian Studies 3 (1998): 48-70.
Gerber, Haim. “Zionism, Orientalism, and the Palestinians.” Journal of Palestine Studies 33, 1 (Fall 2003: 23-41.
Gewertz, Deborah and Frederick Errington. “We Think, Therefore They Are? On Occidentalizing the World.” Anthropological Quarterly 64, 2 (April 1991): 80– 91.
Ghazoul, Ferial J. "Orientalism: Clearing the Way for Cultural Dialogue." Religion 34, 2 (April 2004): 123-127.
Gifford, James. "Reading Orientalism and the Crisis of Epistemology in the Novels of Lawrence Durrell." CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture 1, 2 (June 1999). Available online at the CLCWeb website (here).
Gingrich, Andre."Frontier Myths of Orientalism: The Muslim World in Public and Popular Cultures of Central Europe." In MESS: Mediterranean Ethnological Summer School, Piran-Pirano, Slovenia 1996, Volume 2. Edited by Bojan Baskar and Borut Brumen, 99-127. Ljubljana, Slovenia: Institute for Multicultural Research, 1998.
Glassmeyer, Danielle. "'A Beautiful Idea': The King and I and the Maternal Promise of Sentimental Orientalism." The Journal of American Culture 35, 2 (June 2012): 106-122.
Goddall, Laura M. “The ‘Otherized’ Latino: Edward Said’s Orientalism Theory and Reforming Suspect Class Analysis.” Journal of Constitutional Law 16, 3 (February 2014): 835-860.
Goodman, Roger, Gordon White and Huck-ju Kwon, eds. The East Asian Welfare Model: Welfare Orientalism and the State. London and New York: Routledge, 1998.
Goor, Jurrien van. "Imperialism and Orientalism." In Prelude to Colonialism: The Dutch in Asia, 99-114. Hilversum: Uitgeverij Verloren, 2004.
Gordon, David C. "Orientalism." Antioch Review 40, 1 (Winter 1982):104-112.
Görgün, Hilal. "Orientalist Views of the Prophet Muhammad." n.p., n.d. Available online at last prophet.info (here).
Goto-Jones, Chris. "Playing with Being in Digital Asia: Gamic Orientalism and the Virtual Dōjō." Asiascape: Digital Asia 2,1-2 (2015): 20-56.
Graf, Arndt, Schirin Fathi, and Paul Ludwig. Orientalism and Conspiracy: Politics and Conspiracy Theory in the Islamic World. London: I.B. Tauris, 2011.
Graf, E.C. "When an Arab Laughs in Toledo: Cervantes's Interpellation of Early Modern Spanish Orientalism." Diacritics: A Review of Contemporary Criticism 29, 2 (Summer 1999): 68-85.
Gregory, Derek. "Between the Book and the Lamp: Imaginative Geographies of Egypt, 1849-50." Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 20, 1 (1995): 29-57.
__________. "Imaginative Geographies." Progress in Human Geography 19, 4 (December 1995): 447-485.
Griffin, Robert J. "Ideology and Misrepresentation: a Response to Edward Said." Critical Inquiry 15 (Spring 1989): 611-625.
Gronberg, Tag. "Coffeehouse Orientalism." In The Viennese Cafe and Fin-de-Siecle Culture. Edited by Charlotte Ashby, Tag Gronberg, and Simon Shaw-Miller, 59-77. New York: Berghahn Books, 2013.
Gusterson, Hugh. "Nuclear Weapons and the Other in the Western Imagination." Cultural Anthropology 14, 1 (February 1999): 111-143. [Nuclear Orientalism]
Hackforth-Jones, Jocelyn and Mary Roberts, eds. Edges of Empire: Orientalism and Visual Culture. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing, 2005.
Hadidi, Sobhi. "The 1994 Paris Interview with Edward Said." JUSOOR 5/6 (n.d.).
Hägerdal, Hans. “The Orientalism Debate and the Chinese Wall: An Essay on Said and Sinology.” Itinerario 21, 3 (November 1997): 19–40.
Al-Hajri, Hilal. British Travel-writing on Oman: Orientalism Reappraised. Bern: Peter Lang, 2006.
Halbfass, Wilhelm. In “Beyond Orientalism: The Work of Wilhelm Halbfass and Its Impact on Indian and Cross-Cultural Studies. Edited by Eli Franco, and Karin Preisendanz, 297-314. Amsterdam: Editions Rodopi, 1997.
Haldrup, Michael, Lasse Koefoed, and Kirsten Simonsen. "Practical Orientalism: Bodies, Everyday Life and the Construction of Otherness." Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography 88, 2 (June 2006): 173-184.
Hall, Edith. "Asia Unmanned: Images of Victory in Classical Athens." In War and Society in the Greek World. Edited by John Rich and Graham Shipley, 108-133. London and New York: Routledge, 1993.
Halliday, Fred. "Orientalism and Its Critics." British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 20, 2 (1993): 145-163.
Hamako, Eric. “Zombie Orientals Ate My Brain! Orientalism in Contemporary Zombie Stories.” Race, Oppression and the Zombie: Essays on Cross-Cultural Appropriations of the Caribbean Tradition. Edited by Christopher M. Moreman and Cory James Rushton, 107-123. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2011.
Hamilton, Alistair, and Francis Richard. André Du Ryer and Oriental Studies in Seventeenth-Century France. London: University of Oxford Press, 2004.
Hammami, Reza, and Martina Rieker. "Feminist Orientalism and Orientalist Marxism." New Left Review 170 (July-August 1988): 93-106.
Hann, Chris M. "Culture and Anti-Culture: the Spectre of Orientalism in New Anthropological writing on Turkey." Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford 24, 3 (1993): 223-243.
Hanson, Debra. "Orientalism Today: Revisions and Remakings." Tasmeem 2014:5. Available online (here).
Harlow, Barbara and Mia Carter, eds. Imperialism & Orientalism: a Documentary Sourcebook. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, 1999.
Harris, W. V. Rethinking the Mediterranean. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Harrison, Rachel V. and Peter A. Jackson, eds. The Ambiguous Allure of the West: Traces of the Colonial in Thailand. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2010.
Hart, William D. Edward Said and the Religious Effects of Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Hassan, Waïl S. Immigrant Narratives: Orientalism and Cultural Translation in Arab American and Arab British literature. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Hatay, Mete. "The Problem of Pigeons: Orientalism, Xenophobia and a Rhetoric of the 'Local' in North Cyprus." The Cyprus Review 20, 2 (Fall 2008): 145-171.
Hedges, Paul. "Post-Colonialism, Orientalism, and Understanding: Religious Studies and the Christian Missionary Imperative." Journal of Religious History 32, 1 (March 2008): 55-75.
Heehs, Peter. “Shades of Orientalism: Paradoxes and Problems in Indian Historiography.” History and Theory 42, 2 (May 2003): 169-195.
Heffernan, Carol F. The Orient in Chaucer and Medieval Romance. Woodbridge, Suffolk ,and Rochester, New York: D.S. Brewer, 2003.
Heine, Steve. Zen Skin, Zen Marrow: Will the Real Zen Buddhism Please Stand Up? Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Henderson, Sally. "The Elephant in the Room: Orientalism and Russian Studies." Slovo 19, 2 (Autumn 2007): 125-135.
Heng, Geraldine, and Jandas Devan. (1997) “State Fatherhood: The Politics of Nationalism, Sexuality, and Race in Singapore.” In The Gender/Sexuality Reader: Culture, History, Political Economy. Edited by Roger N. Lancaster and Micaela di Leonardo, 107-121. New York and London: Routledge, 1997.
Herman, David. "Edward Said (1935-2003)." Salmagundi 143 (Summer 2004): 76-88.
Hess, Jonathan M. “Johann David Michaelis and the Colonial Imaginary: Orientalism and the Emergence of Racial Antisemitism in Eighteenth-Century Germany.” Jewish Social Studies 6, 2 (Winter 2000):56–101.
Higgins, Iain Macleod. "Shades of the East: Orientalism, Religion, and Nation in Late Medieval Scottish Literature." Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 38, 2 (Spring 2008): 197-228.
Hill, Michael. “’Asian Values’ as Reverse Orientalism: Singapore.” Asia Pacific Viewpoint 41, 2 (August 2000): 177-190.
__________. “The Historical Roots of Reverse Orientalism and Their Recapitulation in Wo Chang’s England through Chinese Spectacles (1897).” Asian Journal of Social Science 38, 5 (2010): 677-695.
Hinz, Catherina and Isolde Kurz. "From Orientalism to Post-Orientalism: Middle Eastern and South Asian Perspectives." Thamyris: Mythmaking from Past to Present 3, 2 (Autumn 1996): 335-65.
Hirose, Akihiko, and Kay Kei-Ho Pih. “’No Asians Working Here’: Racialized Otherness and Authenticity in Gastronomical Orientalism.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 34, 9 (2011): 1482-1501.
Hodgins, Jean. "Orientalism in Benjamin Britten's Curlew River." B.Mus. thesis, University of British Columbia, 1963.
Hodkinson, James R. and John Walker; with Shaswati Mazumdar and Johannes Feichtinger, eds. Deploying Orientalism in Culture and History: From Germany to Central and Eastern Europe. Rochester, New York: Camden House, 2013.
Hoeveler, Diane Long, and Jeffrey Cass, eds. Interrogating Orientalism: Contextual Approaches and Pedagogical Practices. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press, 2006.
Hoganson, Kristin L. Consumers' Imperium: The Global Production of American Domesticity, 1865-1920. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.
Högland, Johan. "Electronic Empire: Orientalism Revisited in the Military Shooter." Game Studies 8, 1 (September 2008). Available online at Game Studies (here).
Holloway, Steven Winford. Orientalism, Assyriology and the Bible. Sheffield, England: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2006.
Hong, Fan. Sport, Nationalism and Orientalism: The Asian Games. New York: Routledge, 2007.
Hopwood, Derek. "Albert Hourani: Islam, Christianity and Orientalism." British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 30, 2 (November 2003): 127-136.
Hortsmann, Alexander. "The Inculturation of a Transnational Islamic Missionary Movement: Tablighi Jamaat al-Dawa and Muslim Society in Southern Thailand." Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia 22, 1 (April 2007): 107-130.
Hosford, Desmond, and Chong J. Wojtkowski, eds. French Orientalism: Culture, Politics, and the Imagined Other. Newcastle upon Tyne, England: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010.
Howes, Craig. "Hawaii Through Western Eyes: Orientalism and Historical Fiction for Children." The Lion and the Unicorn 11, 1 ( June 1987): 68-87.
Hübinette, Tobias. "Swedish Images of Korea Before 1945." Scandinavian Studies: Journal of the Scandinavian Society of Korea 4 (2003): 103-126.
Huggan, Graham. "(Not) Reading Orientalism." Research in African Literatures 36, 3 (Fall 2005): 124-136.
Hughes, Aaron W. Situating Islam: The Past and Future of an Academic Discipline. London: Equinox, 2007.
Hughes, Roxane. “Ambivalent Orientalism: Footbinding in Chinese American History, Culture and Literature.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Lausanne, 2017.
Hung, Ho-Fung. “Orientalist Knowledge and Social Theories: China and the European Conceptions of East-West Differences from 1600 to 1900.” Sociological Theory 21, 3 (September 2003): 254-280.
Hussain, Asaf, Robert W Olson, and Jamil A Qureshi, eds. Orientalism, Islam, and Islamists. Brattleboro, Vermont: Amana Books, 1984.
Hussein, Abdirahman A. Edward Said: Criticism and Society. London: Verso, 2002.
Ileto, Reynaldo C. "Orientalism and the Study of Philippine Politics." Philippine Political Science Journal 22, 45 (2001): 1-32.
Inden, Ronald. Imagining India. Oxford: Blackwell, 1990.
__________. "Orientalist Constructions of India." Modern Asian Studies 20, 3 (July 1986): 401-446.
Ingleby, Jonathan. "The Involvement of Christian Missions in Education: Colonial Ploy or Commitment to the Poor; Historical Resources in the Contemporary Debate." Journal of the Henry Martyn Institute 18, 2 (July-December 1999): 48—61.
Irwin, Robert. Dangerous Knowledge: Orientalism and Its Discontents. New York: The Overlook Press, Peter Mayer Publishers, Inc., 2006.
__________. For Lust of Knowing: The Orientalists and Their Enemies. London: Allen Lane, 2006.
Isin, Engin F., ed. Citizenship After Orientalism: An Unfinished Project. London and New York: Routledge, 2014.
Iskander, Adel and Hakem Rustom, eds. Edward Said: A Legacy of Emancipation and Representation. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 2010.
Iwamura, Jane Naomi. "The Oriental Monk in American Popular Culture." In Religion and Popular Culture in America, Rev. Ed. Edited by Bruce Forbes and Jeffrey Mahan, 25-43. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 2005.
__________. Virtual Orientalisms: Asian Religions and American Popular Culture. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Jameelah, Maryam. Islam and Orientalism. Lahore, Pakistan: Mohammad Yusuf Khan & Sons, 1981.
Jansson, David R. "‘A Geography of Racism’: Internal Orientalism and the Construction of American National Identity in the Film Mississippi Burning." National Identities 7, 3 (September 2005): 265-285.
__________. "Internal Orientalism in America: W.J. Cash’s The Mind of the South and the Spatial Construction of American National Identity." Political Geography 22, 3 (March 2003): 293–316.
__________. "Racialization and 'Southern' Identities of Resistance: A Psychogeography of Internal Orientalism in the United States." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 100, 1 (2010): 202-221.
Jersild, Austin. Orientalism and Empire: North Caucasus Mountain Peoples and the Georgian Frontier, 1845–1917. Montreal: McGill–Queen's University Press, 2002.
Jivraj, Suhraiya, and Didi Herman. "'It is Difficult for a White Judge to Understand': Orientalism, Racialisation, and Christianity in English Child Welfare Cases." Child and Family Law Quarterly 21, 3 (2009): 283-308.
Johanyak, Debra and Walter S. H. Lim, eds. The English Renaissance, Orientalism, and the Idea of Asia. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
Johnson, Christopher D. L. “’He Has Made the Dry Bones Live’: Orientalism’s Attempted Resuscitation of Eastern Christianity.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 82, 3 (2014):811-840.
Jones, David Martin. The Image of China in Western Social and Political Thought. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, England: Palgrave Macmillan, 2001.
Jouhki, Jukka. "Imagining the Other. Orientalism and Occidentalism in Tamil-European Relations in South India." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Jyväskylä, 2005.
__________. "Orientalism and India." J@rgonia 4, 8 (2006).
Jun, Helen H., “Black Orientalism: Nineteenth-Century Narratives of Race and U.S. Citizenship.” American Quarterly, 58, 4 (December 2006): 1047–66.
__________. Race for Citizenship: Black Orientalism and Asian Uplift from Pre-emancipation to Neoliberal America. New York: New York University Press, 2011.
Jung, Dietrich. Orientalists, Islamists and the Global Public Sphere: A Genealogy of the Modern Essentialist Image of Islam. Sheffield, United Kingdom: Equinox Publishing, 2011.
Juusola, Hannu. "Notes on the Orientalism Debate and Orientalism in Finland." Studia Orientalia 114 (2013): 547-557.
Kaarsholm, Preben. "Danish Orientalism." Current Writing: Text and Reception in Southern Africa 18 (2006): 119-135.
Kabbani, Rana. Europe's Myths of the Orient: Devise and Rule. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1986.
__________. Imperial Fictions: Europe's Myths of Orient. London: Pandora Press, 1994.
Kadıoğlu, Ayşe. (1994) “Women’s Subordination in Turkey: Is Islam Really the Villain?” The Middle East Journal 48, 4 (Autumn 1994): 645-660.
Kahf, Mohja. Western Representations of the Muslim Woman: From Termagant to Odalisque. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press, 1999.
Kalmar, Ivan Davidson. "Benjamin Disraeli, Romantic Orientalist." Comparative Studies in Society and History 47, 2 (2005): 348-371.
__________. Early Orientalism: Imagined Islam and the Notion of Sublime Power. New York: Routledge, 2012.
Kalmar, Ivan Davidson, and Derek J. Penslar. Orientalism and the Jews. Waltham, Massachusetts: Brandeis University Press, 2005.
Kam, Louie. "From Orientalists to Bent Bananas: Australian Research in Chinese Literature in the Last 50 Years." Journal of the Australasian Universities Language and Literature Association 100, 1 (November 2003): 50-60.
Kaplan, Martha, and John Kelly. “On Discourse and Power: ‘Cults’ and ‘Orientals’ in Fiji.” American Ethnologist 26, 4 (November 1999): 843-863.
Kapp, Robert A. "Introduction to Review Symposium of Edward Said's Orientalism." Journal of Asian Studies 39, 3 (May 1980):481-484.
Karezyńska, Elisa. "Orientalism as a Sign of Provincialism." Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100, 1 (December 2012):177-195.
Karsh, Efraim and Rory Miller. “Did Edward Said Really Speak Truth to Power?” Middle East Quarterly 15, 1 (Winter 2008): 13-21.
Kaviraj, Sudipta. "Said and the History of Ideas." In Cosmopolitan Thought Zones: South Asia and the Global Circulation of Ideas. Edited by Sugata Bose and Kris Manjapra, 58-84. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, England and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
Kawai, Yuko. "Using Diaspora: Orientalism, Japanese Nationalism, and the Japanese Brazilian Diaspora." In Intercultural Masquerade: New Orientalism, New Occidentalism, Old Exoticism. Edited by Regis Machart, Fred Dervin, and Minghui Gao, 97-117. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, Higher Education Press, 2015.
Kelly, Gary. "Social Conflict, Nation and Empire: From Gothicism to Romantic Orientalism." ARIEL: A Review of International English Literature 20, 2 (April 1989): 5-18.
Kelly, Veronica. "Orientalism in Early Australian Theatre." New Literatures Review 26 (1993): 32-45.
Kemper, Michael. "Red Orientalism: Mikhail Pavlovich and Marxist Oriental Studies In Early Soviet Russia." Die Welt des Islams 50, 3 (2010): 435-476.
Kemper, Michael, and Artemy M. Kalinovsky. Reassessing Orientalism: Interlocking Orientologies During the Cold War. London: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group, 2015.
Kennedy, Valerie. Edward Said: A Critical Introduction. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2000.
__________. "Orientalism." An annotated bibliography available online at Oxford Bibliographies (here).
Kern, Robert. Orientalism, Modernism, and the American Poem. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Khalaf, Samir. "Protestant Orientalism: Evangelical Christianity and Cultural Imperialism." In Protestant Missionaries in the Levant: Ungodly Puritans, 1820-1860, 111-131. London, New York: Routledge, 2012.
Khalid, Adeeb. "Russian History and the Debate Over Orientalism." Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 1, 4 (Fall 2000 New Series): 691-699.
Khalid, Maryam. “Gender, Orientalism and Representations of the ‘Other’ in the War on Terror.” Global Change, Peace & Security 23, 1 (February 2011): 15-29.
__________. “‘Gendering Orientalism’: Gender, Sexuality, and Race in Post-9/11 Global Politics.” Critical Race and Whiteness Studies 10, 1 (2014).
Khalifa, Mohammad. The Sublime Qur'ān and Orientalism. New York: Longman, 1983.
Khawaja, Irfan. "Essentialism, Consistency and Islam: A Critique of Edward Said's Orientalism." Israel Affairs 13, 4 (October 2007): 689-713.
Khazzoom, Aziza. "The Great Chain of Orientalism: Jewish Identity, Stigma Management, and Ethnic Exclusion in Israel." American Sociological Review 68, 4 (August 2003): 481-510.
Kideckel, David A. (1996) “‘What’s in a Name? The Persistence of East Europe as Conceptual Category’.” Replika 21 2 (1996): 16-37.
Kidwai, Abdur Raheem. Literary Orientalism: A Companion. New Delhi: Viva Books, 2009.
Kikuchi, Yuko. "Hybridity and the Oriental Orientalism of Mingei Theory." Journal of Design History 10, 4 (1997): 343-354.
__________. Japanese Modernisation and Mingei Theory: Cultural Nationalism and Oriental Orientalism. London and New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2004.
Kim, Nami. "Engaging Afro/black-Orientalism: A Proposal." Journal of Race, Ethnicity, and Religion 1, 7 (June 2010): 1-22.
Kimiko, Akita. "Bloopers of a "Geisha": Male "Orientalism" and Colonization of Women's Language." Women & Language 32, 1 (2009): 12-21.
King, Edward. Virtual Orientalism in Brazilian Culture. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.
King, Homay. Lost in Translation: Orientalism, Cinema, and the Enigmatic Signifier. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press Books, 2010.
King, Noel Q. "Orientalism, Critical Scholarship and the Sikh Religion." In Perspectives on the Sikh Tradition. 2nd ed. Edited by Gurdev Singh, 60-76. Amritsar, India: Singh Brothers, 1996.
King, Richard. "Orientalism and the Modern Myth of 'Hinduism'." Numen 46, 2 (1999): 146-185.
__________. Orientalism and Religion: Postcolonial Theory, India and 'the Mystic East'. London: Routledge, 1999.
__________. "Orientalism and the Study of Religions." In The Routledge Companion to the Study of Religion. Edited by John R. Hinnells, 275-290. London and New York: Routledge, 2005.
Kinoshita, Sharon. "Deprovincializing the Middle Ages." In The Worlding Project: Doing Cultural Studies in the Era of Globalization. Edited by Rob Wilson and Christopher Leigh Connery, 61-76. Berkeley, California: North Atlantic Books and Santa Cruz, California: New Pacific Press, 2007.
Kitchen, James E. The British Imperial Army in the Middle East: Morale and Military Identity in the Sinai and Palestine Campaigns, 1916-18. London: Bloomsbury, 2014.
Klein, Christina. Cold War Orientalism: Asia in the Middlebrow Imagination, 1945-1961. Berkeley & Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2003.
Knight, Diana. "Barthes and Orientalism." New Literary History 24, 3 (Summer 1993):617-633.
Knight, Nathaniel. "Grigor'ev in Orenburg, 1851-1862: Russian Orientalism in the Service of Empire?" Slavic Review 59, 1 (Spring 2000): 74-100.
Kolluoglu-Kirli, Biray. “From Orientalism to Area Studies.” The New Centennial Review 3, 3 (Fall 2003): 93-111.
Kontje, Todd. German Orientalisms. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 2004.
Konzett, Delia. “War and Orientalism in Hollywood Combat Film." Quarterly Review of Film and Video 21, 4 (2004): 327-338.
Kopf, David. British Orientalism and the Bengal Renaissance: The Dynamics of Indian Modernization, 1773-1835. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1969.
__________. "European Enlightenment, Hindu Renaissance and the Enrichment of the Human Spirit: A History of Historical Writings on British Orientalism." In Orientalism, Evangelicalism and the Military Cantonment in Early Nineteenth-Century India: A Historiographical Overview. Edited by Nancy G. Cassels, 19-52. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press, 1991.
__________. "Hermeneutics versus History." Journal of Asian Studies 39, 3 (May 1980): 495-506.
__________. "A Macrohistoriographical Essay on the Idea of East and West from Herodotus to Edward Said." Comparative Civiiizations Review 15 (Fall 1986): 22-42.
Korang, Kwaku Larbi. "A Man for All Seasons and Climes? Reading Edward Said from and for Our African Place." Research in African Literatures 36, 3 (Fall 2005): 23-51.
Kowal, Emma. "The Politics of the Gap: Indigenous Australians, Liberal Multiculturalism, and the End of the Self‐Determination Era." American Anthropologist 110, 3 (2008): 338-348.
Krämer, Gudren. “On Difference and Understanding: The Use and Abuse of the Study of Islam.” ISIM Newsletter 5 (June 2000): 6-7.
Kramer, Martin S. "Said's Splash." in Ivory Towers on Sand: The Failure of Middle Eastern Studies in America, 27-43. Washington, D.C.: Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2001.
Krisjansen, Ivan. "Australian Orientalism and Liberal Governance: Asian Labour in South Australia and the Northern Territory, 1890s." Labour History 80 (May 2001): 173-190.
Kuklick, Bruce. Puritans in Babylon: The Ancient Near East and American Intellectual Life, 1880-1930. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.
Kumar, Malreddy Pavan. "Introduction: Orientalism(s) after 9/11." Journal of Postcolonial Writing 48, 3 (July 2012): 233-240.
Kushigian, Julia Alexis. Orientalism in the Hispanic Literary Tradition: In Dialogue with Borges, Paz, and Sarduy. Albuquerque, New Mexico: University of New Mexico Press, 1991.
__________. "Three Versions of Orientalism in Contemporary Latin American Literature: Sarduy, Borges and Paz." Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale University, 1984.
Laffan, Michael. The Makings of Indonesian Islam: Orientalism and the Narration of a Sufi Past. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011.
Laroui, Abdallah. The Crisis of the Arab Intellectual: Traditionalism or Historicism? Translated by Diarmid Cammell. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1977.
__________. "For a Methodology of Islamic Studies." Diogenes 21, 8 (September 1973): 12-39.
Lau, Lisa. “Re-Orientalism: The Perpetration and Development of Orientalism by Orientals.” Modern Asian Studies 43, 2 (2009): 571-590.
Lau, Lisa and Ana Cristina Mendes. Re-Orientalism and South Asian Identity Politics: The Oriental Other Within. London and New York: Routledge, 2011.
Leask, Nigel. British Romantic Writers and the East: Anxieties of Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Lee, Anthony W. Picturing Chinatown: Art and Orientalism in San Francisco. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 2001.
Lee-DiStefano, Debra. "Theory, Orientalism and a Perspective on their Place in the Study of Asians in the Americas." In Peripheral Transmodernities: South-to-South Intercultural Dialogues between the Luso-Hispanic World and "the Orient". Edited by Ignacio López-Calvo, 12-22. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2012.
Leezenberg, Michiel. “Soviet Kurdology and Kurdish Orientalism.” In The Heritage of Soviet Oriental Studies. Edited by Michael Kemper and Stephan Conermann, 86-102. London and New York: Routledge, 2011.
Lennon, Joseph. "The Celt and the Oriental: The Narratives of Irish Orientalism." Ph. D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, 2001.
__________. Irish Orientalism: A Literary and Intellectual History. Syracuse, New York: University of Syracuse Press, 2004.
__________. "Irish Orientalism: An Overview." In Ireland and Postcolonial Theory. Edited by Clare Carroll and Patricia King, 129-57. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 2003.
Leong, Karen J. The China Mystique: Pearl S. Buck, Anna May Wong, Mayling Soong, and the Transformation of American Orientalism. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2005.
Lewis, Bernard. "Islam." In Orientalism & History. Edited by Denis Sinor, 16-34. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1970.
__________. Islam and the West. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.
__________. "The Question of Orientalism." New York Review of Books 29, 11 (June 24, 1982): 49-56.
__________. "The Question of Orientalism." In Orientalism: A Reader. Edited by A. L. Macfie, 249-270. New York: New York University Press, 2000.
__________. "Reply to Said’s Letter." New York Review of Books. 12 August 1982.
Lewis, Herbert S. “The Influence of Edward Said and Orientalism on Anthropology, or: Can the Anthropologist Speak?” Israel Affairs 13, 4 (2007): 774-785.
Lewis, Reina. Gendering Orientalism: Race, Femininity and Representation. London: Routledge, 1996.
__________. "'Only Women Should Go to Turkey': Henrietta Browne and Women's Orientalism." Third Text 7, 22 (Spring 1993); 53-64.
__________. Rethinking Orientalism: Women, Travel and the Ottoman Harem. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2004.
Li, Yang. ""Legal Orientalism, or Legal Imperialism?." Rechtsgeschichte-Legal History 22 (2014): 316-321.
Librett, Jeffrey S. "Historicist Orientalism as a Public Absolute: On Herder's Typo-teleology." Telos 159 (Summer 2012): 19-34.
__________. Orientalism and the Figure of the Jew. New York: Fordham University Press, 2015.
Little, Donald P. "Three Arab Critiques of Orientalism." The Muslim World 69, 2 (April 1979): 110-131.
Little, Douglas. American Orientalism: The United States and the Middle East since 1945. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.
Lim, Jie-Hyun. “Configuration of Orient and Occident in the Global Chain of National Histories: Writing National Histories in Northeast Asia.” In Narrating the Nation: Representations in History, Media, and the Arts. Edited by Stefan Berger, Linas Eriksonas, and Andrew Mycock, 290-308. New York: Berghahn Books, 2008.
Lockman, Zachary. Contending Visions of the Middle East: The History and Politics of Orientalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Lodge, David, and Nigel Wood. "Edward Said." Chapter 17 in David Lodge and Nigel Wood. Modern Criticism and Theory: A Reader, 271-284. Harlow, England: Pearson, 2000.
Lohmann, Larry. "Green Orientalism." The Ecologist 23, 6 (November/December 1993): 202-204.
Longino, Michèle. Orientalism in French Classical Drama. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Longxi, Zhang. “The Myth of the Other: China in the Eyes of the West.” Critical Inquiry 15, 1 (Autumn, 1988): 108-131.
Lopez, Donald S. "New Age Orientalism: the Case of Tibet." Tibetan Review 28, 5 (May 1994): 16–20.
Lopez, Donald S., ed. Curators of the Buddha: The Study of Buddhism Under Colonialism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.
López-Calvo, Ignacio, ed. Alternative Orientalisms in Latin America and Beyond. Newcastle, United Kingdom: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2007.
__________. Imaging the Chinese in Cuban Literature and Culture. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida, 2008.
Lowe, Lisa. Critical Terrains: French and British Orientalisms. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1991.
__________. "Des Chinoises: Orientalism, Psychoanalysis, and Feminine Writing." In Ethics, Politics, and Difference in Julia Kristeva's Writing, Kelly Oliver, ed., 150-163. New York: Routledge, 1993.
__________. "French Literary Orientalism: Representations of `Others' in the Texts of Montesquieu, Flaubert, and Kristeva." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Santa Cruz, 1986.
__________. "Rereadings in Orientalism: Oriental Inventions and Inventions of the Orient in Montesquieu’s Lettres persanes.” Cultural Critique 15 (1990): 115-143.
Ma, Sheng-Mei. The Deathly Embrace: Orientalism and Asian American Identity. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 2000.
Macfie, A. L. The Eastern Question. London: Longman, 1996.
__________. Orientalism. London: Longman, 2002.
__________. Orientalism: A Reader. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000.
MacKenzie, John M. "Edward Said and the Historians." Nineteenth Century Studies 18 (1994): 9-25.
__________. Orientalism: History, Theory, and the Arts. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1995.
__________. "A Reply to My Critics." Nineteenth-Century Studies 19 (1995): 91-100.
MacKinnon, Colin R. "Talking Back: `Orientalism' and the Orientals." Humanities Report 4, 2 (February 1982):4-7.
MacLeod, Alex. "Can Any Good Thing Come Out Of Palestine? Orientalism and Eastern Christianity in Protestant Writings about the Holy Land, 1839-1908." Historical Papers: Canadian Society of Church History (2006): 39-54.
Al-Mahfedi, Mohamed Hamoud Kassim and Venkatesh P. “Darwinist Premise in the Orientalist Construction of the ‘Other’.” Journal of Postcolonial Cultures and Societies 3, 1 (2012): 1-21.
Maira, Sunaina. “Belly Dancing: Arab-Face, Orientalist Feminism, and U.S. Empire.” American Quarterly 60, 2 (June 2008): 317-345.
__________. "Temporary Tattoos: Indo-Chic Fantasies and Late Capitalist Orientalism." Meridians 3, 1 (Autumn 2002): 134-160.
Majeed, Javed. Uncovered Imaginings: Jame's Mill's The History of British India and Orientalism. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992.
Majid, Anouar. "Can the Postcolonial Critic Speak? Orientalism and the Rushdie Affair." Cultural Critique 32 (Winter, 1995-1996): 5-42.
Major, Tristan. "Saturn’s First Riddle in Solomon and Saturn II: An Orientalist Conflation." Neophilologus 9, 2 (April 2012): 301-313.
Makdisi, Ussama. "Ottoman Orientalism." American Historical Review 107, 3 (June 2002): 768-796.
Malek, Abdel Anwar. "Orientalism in Crisis." Diogenes 44 (Winter 1963): 104-112. In Orientalism: A Reader. Edited by A. L. Macfie, 47-56. New York: New York University Press, 2000.
Malik, Iftikhar H. "Ireland, Orientalism and South Asia." Asian Affairs 32, 2 (July 2001): 189-194.
Mallette, Karla. European Modernity and the Arab Mediterranean: Toward a New Philology and a Counter-Orientalism. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010.
Malready, Pavan Kumar. Orientalism, Terrorism, Indigenism: South Asian Readings in Postcolonialism. New Delhi, India, and Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications, 2015.
Malti-Douglas, Fedwa. "Re-orienting Orientalism." Virginia Quarterly Review 55, 4 (Autumn 1979): 724–733.
Mani, Lata and Ruth Frankenberg. "The Challenge of Orientalism." Economy and Society 14, 2 (May 1985): 174-192.
Marchand, Suzanne L. "German Orientalism and the Decline of the West." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 145, 4 (December 2001): 465-473.
__________. German Orientalism in the Age of Empire. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
__________. "On Orientalism and Iconoclasm: German Scholarship's Challenge to the Saidian Model." In Cosmopolitan Thought Zones: South Asia and the Global Circulation of Ideas. Edited by Sugata Bose and Kris Manapra, 260-283. Basingstoke, England: PalgraveMacmillan, 2010.
__________. "Orientalistic and Popular Orientalism in Fin de Siécle Germany.” In After One Hundred Years: The 1910 Exhibition ‘Meisterwerke Muhammedanischer Kunst’ Reconsidered. Edited by Andrea Lermer and Avinoam Shalemm, 17-34. Leiden and Boston, 2010.
Marcus, Julie. "Orientalism." In Handbook of Ethnography. Edited by Paul Atkinson, Amanda Coffey, et. al., 109-117. London: SAGE Publications, 2001.
Marks, Laura U. “What Is That and between Arab Women and Video? The Case of Beirut.” Camera Obscura: Feminism, Culture, and Media Studies 18, 3 (December 2003): 41-69.
Marrouchi, Mustapha. Edward Said at the Limits. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, 2004.
Marshall, Peter. "Oriental Studies." In The History of the University of Oxford, vol. 5. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.
Martin, Catherine Gimelli. "Orientalism and the Ethnographer: Said, Herodotus, and the Discourse of Alterity." Criticism 32 4 (Fall 1990): 511-529.
Mason, Nancy Morgan. “The Ideology of American Home Economists in China between the 1920s and the 1940s: Interactions between Orientalism and Ideals of Domestic Science,” 16-18 April 2015. In Proceedings of the National Conference On Undergraduate Research 2015 (http://www.ncurproceedings.org/). Accessed 27 April 2017.
Massa, Joseph. "The Intellectual Life of Edward Said." Journal of Palestine Studies 33, 3 (Spring 2004): 7-22.
Massil, Stephen W, ed. "Orientalist Libraries and Orientalism." Proceedings of an International Workshop, 17–18 August 1995, University of Istanbul. Published in Libraries & Culture: A Journal of Library History 33, 3 (Summer 1998).
Matar, Nabil ed. In the Lands of Christians: Arabic Travel Writing in the Seventeenth Century. New York: Routledge, 2003.
Mayuzumi, Kimine. "Navigating Orientalism: Asian Women Faculty in the Canadian Academy." Race Ethnicity and Education 18, 2 (2015): 277-296.
Mazel, David. "American Literary Environmentalist as Domestic Orientalism." Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment 3, 2 (Fall 1996): 37-45.
Mazrui, Ali AlʼAmin. "The Re-invention of Africa: Edward Said, V. Y. Mudimbe, and Beyond." Research in African Literatures 36, 3 (Fall 2005): 68-82.
Mazumdar, Sucheta, Vasant Kaiwar, and Thierry Labica, eds. From Orientalism to Postcolonialism: Asia, Europe and the Lineages of Difference. London: Routledge, 2011.
McAlister, Melani. "Edward Said, Orientalism (1978)." In A Companion to Post-1945 America. Edited by Jean-Christophe Agnew and Roy Rosenzweig, 550-556. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing, 2002.
__________. Epic Encounters: Culture, Media, and U.S. Interests in the Middle East, 1945-2000. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 2001.
McCabe, Ina Baghdiantz. Orientalism in Early Modern France: Eurasian Trade, Exoticism, and the Ancien Régime. Oxford; New York: Berg, 2008.
McCarthy, Conor. The Cambridge Introduction to Edward Said. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
McGetchin, Douglas T. Indology, Indomania, and Orientalism: Ancient India's Rebirth in Modern Germany. Cranbury, New Jersey: Associated University Presses, 2009.
McInnes, Neil. "'Orientalism,' the Evolution of a Concept." The National Interest, 54 (Winter 1998): 73-81.
McIntyre. "Geography as Destiny: Cities, Villages and Khmer Rouge Orientalism." Comparative Studies in Society and History 38, 4 (October 1996): 730-758.
McLaren, Martha. "From Analysis to Prescription: Scottish Concepts of Asian Despotism in Early Nineteenth-Century British India." International History Review 15, 3 (August 1993): 469-501.
Mellor, Philip A. "Orientalism, Representation, and Religion: the Reality Behind the Myth." Religion 34, 2 (April 2004): 99-112.
Melman, Billie. Women's Orients: English Women and the Middle East, 1718-1918: Sexuality, Religion and Work. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 1992.
Menon, Nivedita. "Orientalism and After." Public Culture 6, 1 (Fall 1993): 65-76.
Mepschen, Paul, Jan Willem Duyvendak, and Evelien H. Tonkens. "Sexual Politics, Orientalism and Multicultural Citizenship in the Netherlands." Sociology 44, 5 (October 2010): 962-979.
Mestyan, Adam. "Materials for a History of Hungarian Academic Orientalism: The Case of Gyula Germanus." Die Wels des Islams 54, 1 (2014): 4-33.
Middle East Institute. "Orientalism's Wake: The Ongoing Politics of a Polemic." Middle East Institute Viewpoints 12 (September 2009).
Miller, Christopher. Blank Darkness: Africanist Discourse in French. Chicago: Univerity of Chicago Press, 1985.
Minear, Richard H. "Orientalism and the Study of Japan." Journal of Asian Studies 39, 3 (May 1980): 507-517.
Mitchell, Timothy. "Orientalism and Exhibitionary Order." In Colonialism and Culture. Edited by Nicholas B. Dirks, 289-318. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 1992.
Mitchell, Tony. "Self-Orientalism, Reverse Orientalism and Pan-Asian Pop Cultural Flows in Dick Lee’s ‘Transit Lounge’." In Rogue Flows: Trans-Asian Cultural Traffic. Edited by Koichi Iwabuchi, Stephen Muecke, and Mandy Thomas, 95-118. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2004.
Monterescu, Daniel. Jaffa Shared and Shattered: Contrived Coexistence in Israel/Palestine. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2015.
Moon, Krystyn R. Yellowface: Creating the Chinese in American Popular Music and Performance, 1850s-1920s. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2005.
Moore-Gilbert, Bart. Kipling and "Orientalism". London: Croom-Helm, 1986.
__________. Postcolonial Theory: Contexts, Practices, Politics. London: Verson, 1997.
Moosavi, Leon. "Orientalism at Home: Islamophobia in the Representations of Islam and Muslims by the New Labour Government." Ethnicities (online), 7 March 2014.
Morley, David and Kevin Robins. “Techno-Orientalism: Futures, Foreigners and Phobias.” New Formations 16 (Spring 1992): 136–56.
__________. “Techno-Orientalism: Japan Panic.” In Spaces of Identity: Global Media, Electronic Landscapes and Cultural Boundaries, 147–173. London: Routledge, 1995.
Morris, Sarah P. "Daidalos and Kadmos: Classicism and 'Orientalism'." Arethusa 22 (Fall 1989): 39-54.
Morrison, Ian Anthony. "Orientalism and the Construction of the Apolitical Buddhist Subject." In Routledge Handbook of Global Citizenship Studies. Edited by Engin F. Isin and Peter Nyers, 325-334. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2014.
Mortimer, Mildred P. "Edward Said and Assia Djebar: A Contrapuntal Reading." Research in African Literatures 36, 3 (Fall 2005): 53-67.
Movahedi, Siamak, ed. and Tamdgidi, Mohammad H., guest ed. Proceedings of the Second Annual Social Theory Forum on "Theories and Praxes of Difference: Revisiting Edward Said in the Age of New Globalizations." April 6-7, 2005, at the University of Massachusetts. In Discourse of Sociological Practice 7, 1&2 (Spring-Fall 2005). Available online (here).
Mufti, Aamir R. Forget English!: Orientalisms and World Literatures. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2016.
__________. "Orientalism and the Institution of World Literatures." Critical Inquiry 36, 3 (Spring 2010): 458-493.
Mugane, John. "Necrolinguistics: Linguistic Death-in-Life." Du Bois Review 2 2 (September 2005): 159-186.
Mullen, Bill V. Afro-Orientalism. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 2004.
Mullen, Eve L. “Buddhism, Children, and the Childlike in American Buddhist Films.” In Buddhism and American Cinema. Edited by John Whalen-Bridge and Gary Storhoff, 39-52. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, 2014.
Muravchik, Joshua. "Enough Said: The False Scholarship of Edward Said." World Affairs (March/April 2013). Available online (here).
Murti, Kamakshi P. India: The Seductive and Seduced “Other” of German Orientalism. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 2001.
Nacos, Brigitte and Oscar Torres-Reyna. Muslim Americans in the News Before and After 9-11. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002.
Nader, Laura. "Orientalism, Occidentalism and the Control of Women." Cultural Dynamics 2, 3 (July 1989): 323-355.
Nafissi, Mohammad R. "Reframing Orientalism: Weber and Islam." Economy and Society 27, 1 (1998): 98-118.
Nagy-Zekmi, Silvia, ed. Paradoxical Citizenship: Edward Said. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books, 2006.
Nanji, Azim, ed. Islamic Studies: A Tradition and its Problems. New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1997.
__________, ed. Mapping Islamic Studies: Genealogy, Continuity and Change. New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1997.
Nanquette, Laetitia. Orientalism Versus Occidentalism: Literary and Cultural Imaging Between France and Iran Since the Islamic Revolution. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2013.
Naoto, Sudo. Nanyo-Orientalism: Japanese Representations of the Pacific. Amherst, New York: Cambria Press, 2010.
Nayak, Meghana V. "Orientalism and ‘Saving’ US State Identity After 9/11." International Feminist Journal of Politics 8, 1 (2006): 42-61.
Nayak, Meghana V. and Christopher Malone. "American Orientalism and American Exceptionalism: A Critical Rethinking of US Hegemony." International Studies Review 11, 2 (June 2009): 253–276.
Neilson, Brett. “Inside Shangri-La, Outside Globalisation: Remapping Orientalist Visions of Tibet.” Communal/Plural: Journal of Transnational & Cross-Cultural Studies 8, 1 (2000): 95-112.
Netton, Richard, ed. Orientalism Revisited: Land, Art and Voyage. London: Routledge, 2013.
Neuwirth, Angelika. "Orientalism in Oriental Studies? Qur'anic Studies as a Case in Point." Journal of Qur'anic Studies 9, 2 (October 2007): 115-127.
Newberg, Eric Nelson. “Edward Said and Interfaith Attitudes of Christian Missionaries.” The Expository Times 122, 12 (September 2011): 582-590.
__________. The Pentecostal Mission in Palestine: The Legacy of Pentecostal Zionism. Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick Publications, 2012.
Nishihara, Daisuke. "Said, Orientalism, and Japan." Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics, 25 (2005):241-253.
Niyogi, Chandreye, ed. Reorienting Orientalism. New Delhi: SAGE Publications, 2006.
Nochlin, Linda. "The Imaginary Orient." Art in America. (May 1986): 118-131, 187-191.
Nodelman, Perry. "The Other: Orientalism, Colonialism, and Children's Literature." Children's Literature Association Quarterly 17, 1 (Spring 1992): 29-35.
Numark, Mitchell W. “Translating Dharma: Scottish Missionary-Orientalists and the Politics of Religious Understanding in Nineteenth-Century Bombay.” Journal of Asian Studies 70, 2 (May 2011): 471-500.
O’Connor, Erin. “Preface for a Post-Postcolonial Criticism.” Victorian Studies 45, 2 (Winter 2003): 217-246.
Oddie, Geoffrey A. Imagined Hinduism: British Protestant Missionary Constructions of Hinduism, 1793–1900. New Delhi: SAGE Publications, 2006.
__________. "'Orientalism’ and British Protestant Missionary Constructions of India in the Nineteenth Century." South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies 17, 2 (1994): 27-42.
O'Dwyer, Carolyn. "Pacific Orientalisms: South Seas Discourse and Colonial Cultures." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Melbourne, 2001.
O'Hanlon, R. "Cultures of Rule, Communities of Resistance: Gender, Discourse and Tradition in Recent South Asian Historiographies." Social Analysis 25 (September 1989): 94-114.
O'Hanlon, Rosalind and David Washbrook. "After Orientalism: Culture, Criticism and Politics in the Third World." Comparative Studies in Society and History 34, 1 (January 1992): 141-167.
Okada, Yasuhiro, “‘Cold War Black Orientalism’: Race, Gender, and African American Representations of Japanese Women during the Early 1950s.” Journal of American and Canadian Studies (Tokyo) 27 (2009): 45–79.
O'Riley, Michael. "Specters of Orientalism in France, Algeria, and Postcolonial Studies." Mosaic: A Journal for the Interdisciplinary Study of Literature. 34, 4 (December 2001): 47-64.
Orr, Leslie C. “Orientalists, Missionaries and Jains: The South India Story.” In The Madras School of Orientalism: Producing Knowledge in Colonial South India. Edited by Thomas R. Trautmann, 263-287. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Otterbeck, Jonas. "The Depiction of Islam in Sweden." Unpublished paper, n.d. Available online at the Lebanese American University (here).
__________. "What is Reasonable to Demand? Islam in Swedish Textbooks." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 31, 4 (July 2005): 795-812.
Oueijan, Naji B. The Progress of an Image: The East in English Literature. New York: Peter Lang, 1996.
Owens, Patricia. "Torture, Sex and Military Orientalism." Third World Quarterly 31, 7 (October 2010): 1041-1056.
Oxfeldt, Elisabeth. Nordic Orientalism: Paris and the Cosmopolitan imagination, 1800-1900. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 2005.
Palmer, Marcus Sylvan. “Narrorator Ransformations in the Work of Arab-Argentine Writer Jorge Asís.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Iowa, 2014.
Pálsson, Gísli. “Human-Environmental Relations: Orientalism, Paternalism and Communalism.” In Nature and Society: Anthropological Perspectives. Edited by Philippe Descola and Gísli Pálsson, 63-81. London and New York: Routledge, 1996.
Park, Jane, and Karin Wilkins. "Re-orienting the Orientalist Gaze." Global Media Journal 4, 6 (Spring 2005): article 2.
Partridge, Christopher. “Orientalism and the Occult.” In The Occult World. Edited by Christopher Partridge, 611-625. London and New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2016.
Pasto, James. "Islam's 'Strange Secret Sharer': Orientalism, Judaism, and the Jewish Question." Comparative Studies in Society and History 40, 3 (July 1998): 437-74.
Pathak, Zakia, et. al. "The Prisonhouse of Orientalism." Textual Practices 5, 1 (Spring 1991): 195-218.
Peleg, Yaron. Orientalism and the Hebrew Imagination. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 2005.
Pels, Peter. "The Rise and Fall of the Indian Aborigines: Orientalism, Anglicism, and the Emergence of an Ethnology of India, 1833-1869." In Colonial Subjects: Essays on the Practical History of Anthropology. Edited by Peter Pels and Oscar Salemink,82-116. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 1999.
Peltre, Christine. Orientalism in Art. London: Abbeville Press, 1998.
Pennycook, Alastair. English and the Discourses of Colonialism. London and New York: Routledge, 1998.
Phillips, Kim M. Before Orientalism: Asian Peoples and Cultures in European Travel Writing, 1245-1510. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014.
Phrae Chittiphalangsria. "On the Virtuality of Translation in Orientalism." Translation Studies 7, 1 (2014): 50-65.
Pick, Lucy K. Conflict and Coexistence: Archbishop Rodrigo and the Muslims and Jews of Thirteenth-Century Spain. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 2004.
__________. “Edward Said, Orientalism, and the Middle Ages.” Medieval Encounters 5 (1999): 265-71.
Piterberg, Gabriel. “Domestic Orientalism: The Representation of ‘Oriental’ Jews in Zionist/Israeli Historiography.” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 23, 2 (November 1996): 125-145.
Po’dar, Preym K. and Tanks B. Subba. “Demystifying Some Ethnocentric Texts on the Himalayas.” Social Scientist 19, 8-9 (August-September 1991): 78-84.
Pollock, Sheldon. "Deep Orientalism? Notes on Sanskrit and Power Beyond the Raj." In Orientalism and the Postcolonial Predicament: Perspectives on South Asia. Edited by Carol A. Breckenridge and Peter van der Veer, 76-133. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993.
Porter, Dennis. "Orientalism and Its Problems." In The Politics of Theory. Edited by Francis Barker, Peter Hulme, Margaret Iverson and Dianna Loxley, 179-193. Colchester: University of Essex, 1983. In Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory: A Reader. Edited by Patrick Williams and Laura Chrisman, 150-161. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1994.
Porter, Patrick. "Military Orientalism? British Observers of the Japanese Way of War, 1904-1910." War & Society 26, 1 (May 2007): 1-25.
__________. Military Orientalism: Eastern War Through Western Eyes. New York: Columbia University Press, 2009.
Pouillon, François and Jean-Claude Vatin, eds. After Orientalism: Critical Perspectives on Western Agency and Eastern Re-appropriations. Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2015.
Pourgouris, Marinos. "Topographies of Greek Modernism." In The Avant-Garde and the Margin: New Territories of Modernism. Edited by Sanja Bahun-Radunovic and Marinos Pourgouris, 88-112. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Press, 2006. [Temporal Orientalism]
Prakash, Gyan. "Can the 'Subaltern' Ride? A Reply to O'Hanlon and Washbrook." Compartive Studies in Society and History 34, 1 (January 1992): 168-184.
__________. "Orientalism Now." History and Theory 34 (1995): 199-212.
__________. "Writing Post-Orientalist Histories of the Third World: Indian Historiography Is Good To Think." In Colonialism and Culture. Edited by Nicholas B. Dirks, 353-388. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 1992.
__________. "Writing Post-Orientalist Histories of the Third World: Perspectives from Indian Historiography." Comparative Studies in Society & History 32, 2 (April 1990): 383-408.
Pruett, Gordon E. "The Escape from the Seraglio: Anti-Orientalist Trends in Modern Religious Studies." Arab Studies Quarterly 2 4 (Fall 1980): 291-317.
Quinn, Frederick. The Sum of All Heresies: The Image of Islam in Western Thought. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Quli, Natalie E. "Western Self, Asian Other: Modernity, Authenticity, and Nostalgia for 'Tradition' in Buddhist Studies." Journal of Buddhist Ethics 16 (2009), 1–38.
Racevskis, Karlis. "Edward Said and Michel Foucault: Affinities and Dissonances." Research in African Literatures 36, 3 (Fall 2005): 83-97.
Radhakrishnan, R. A Said Dictionary. Chichester, West Sussex, and Malden, Massachusetts: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.
Rafiq, Aayesha. "From European to American Orientalism." Academic Research International 5, 4 (July 2014): 287-295.
Rajan, Rajeswari Sunder. "After ‘Orientalism’: Colonialism and English Literary Studies in India." Social Scientist 14, 7 (July 1986): 23-35.
Ramadan, Yasmine. "A Bibliographical Guide to Edward Said." Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics, 25 (2005): 270-287.
Ramakrishnan, A.K. “Orientalism, Imperialism and Middle East Area Studies in the United States.” Scandinavian Journal of Development Alternatives and Area Studies 16, 3-4 (September-December 1997): 245-252.
Ramirez, Luz Elena. British Representations of Latin America. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida, 2007.
Rath, Sura P. "Post/Past-'Orientalism': Orientalism and its Dis/Re-Orientation." Comparative American Studies (August 2004): 342-359.
Ravindiran, V. "Discourses of Empowerment: Missionary Orientalism in the Development of Dravidian Nationalism." In Nation Work: Asian Elites and National Identities. Edited by Timothy Brook and Andre Schmid, 51-82. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 2000.
Ray, Amit. Negotiating the Modern: Orientalism and Indianness in the Anglophone World. London and New York: Routledge, 2007.
Ren, Carina, and Can-Seng Ooi. "Auto-Communicating Micro-Orientalism: Articulating ‘Denmark’ in China at the Shanghai Expo." Asia Europe Journal 11, 2 (June 2013): 129-145.
Rendall, Jane. "Scottish Orientalism: From Robertson to James Mill." The Historical Journal 25, 1 (March 1982): 43-69.
Richardson, Chris. "Orientalism at Home: the Case of 'Canada's Toughest Neighbourhood'." British Journal of Canadian Studies 27, 1 (May 2014): 75-95.
Richardson, Michael. "Enough Said: Reflections on Orientalism." Anthropology Today 6, 4 (August 1990): 16-19.
Robbins, Bruce. "The Seduction of the Unexpected: on Imperialism and History." Nineteenth-Century Studies 19 (1995): 75-79.
Robbins, Bruce, et. al. "Edward Said's Culture and Imperialism: A Symposium." Social Text 40 (Autumn, 1994): 1-24.
Rocha, Cristina. Zen in Brazil: The Quest for Cosmopolitan Modernity. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2006.
Roh, David S., Betsy Huang, and Greta A Niu. Techno-Orientalism: Imagining Asia in Speculative Fiction, History, and Media. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, .
Rosen, Lawrence. "Orientalism Revisited: Edward Said's Unfinished Critique." Boston Review 32, 1 (January-February 2007): 31-32.
Rosenthal, Donald A. Orientalism: The Near East in French Painting, 1800–1880. Rochester, New York: Memorial Art Gallery of the University of Rochester, 1982.
Rotter, Andrew J. "Saidism without Said: Orientalism and U.S. Diplomatic History." American Historical Review 105, 4 (October 2000): 1205-1217.
Rowe, John Carlos. “Edward Said and American Studies.” American Quarterly 56, 1 (March 2004): 33-47.
Rubenstein, Murray. Missionary Orientalism and the Missionary Lens: Using Saidian Mode of Analysis to Read the Western Missionaries" Accounts of the Development of the Protestant Presence in Taiwan. Cambridge: Currents in World Christianity Project, 1998.
Rubin, Andrew N., ed. Humanism, Freedom, and the Critic: Edward W. Said and After. Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2005.
__________. "Orientalism and the History of Western Anti-Semitism: The Coming End of an American Taboo." History of the Present 5, 1 (Spring 2015): 95-108.
Ruskola, Teemu. "Legal orientalism." Michigan Law Review 101, 1 (October 2002): 179-234.
__________. Legal Orientalism: China, the United States, and Modern Law. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2013.
Sadik, Jalal al-'Azim. "Orientalism and Orientalism in Reverse." Khamsin 8 (1981): 5-26.
Sadowski, Yahya. "The New Orientalism and the Democracy Debate." Middle East Report 183, Political Islam (July-August 1993): 14-21, 40.
al Saghir, M. H. 'A. Orientalists and Koranic Studies. Beirut: n.p., 1983.
Sahni, Kalpana. Crucifying the Orient: Russian Orientalism and the Colonization of Caucasus and Central Asia. Bangkok: White Orchid Press; Oslo: Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture, 1997.
Said, Edward W. "Arabs, Islam and the Dogmas of the West." New York Times Book Review (31 October 1976).
__________. "In Conversation with Neeladri Bhattacharya, Suvir Kaul, and Ania Loomba." In Relocating Postcolonialism. Edited by David Theo Goldberg and Ato Quayson, 1-14. Oxford and Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, 2002.
__________. Covering Islam: How the Media and the Experts Determine How We See the Rest of the World. New York: Pantheon, 1981.
__________. "Crisis." In Modern Criticism and Theory: A Reader. Edited by David Lodge, 295-309. London: Longman, 1988.
__________. Culture and Imperialism. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1993.
__________. "East Isn't East: The Impending End of the Age of Orientalism." Times Literary Supplement (3 February 1995).
__________. "Islam, Orientalism and the West: An Attack on Learned Ignorance." Time (16 April 1979): 54.
__________. "Islam Through Western Eyes." The Nation (26 April 1980): 488-92.
__________. "Introduction." In Raymond Schwab, The Oriental Renaissance: Europe's Rediscovery of India and the East, 1680-1880, vii-xx. New York: Columbia University Press, 1984.
__________. Humanism and Democratic Criticism. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
__________. "Latent and Manifest Orientalism." In Contemporary Social Thought: Themes and Theories. Edited by Sean H. Heir, Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press Inc, 2005. [Reprinted from Said, Orientalism, Chapter 3, Part I]
__________. "Orientalism." Georgia Review 31, 1 (Spring 1977): 162-206.
__________. Orientalism. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1978. Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books, 1978. London: Penguin Books with a New Afterword, 1995. Available online at the Internet Archive.
__________. "Orientalism, an Afterword." Raritan: A Quarterly Review 14, 3 (Winter 1995): 32-59.
__________. "Orientalism and After: An Interview with Edward Said." Radical Philosophy 63 (Spring 1993): 22-32.
__________. "Orientalism and Beyond." In Postcolonial Theory: Contexts, Practices, Politics. Edited by Bart Moore-Gilbert, 34-73. London: Verso, 1997.
__________. "Orientalism Once More." Development and Change 35, 5 (November 2004): 869-879.
__________. "Orientalism Reconsidered." Cultural Critique 1 (Autumn 1985): 89-107. Reprinted in Orientalism: A Reader. Edited by Alexander Lyon Macfie, 345-360. New York: New York University Press, 2000.
__________. "Orientalism Reconsidered." Race & Class 27, 2 (October 1985): 1-15.
__________. Out of Place: A Memior. London: Grants, 1999.
__________. The Pen and the Sword: Conversations with David Barsamian. Monroe, Maine: Common Courage Press, 1994.
__________. Reflections on Exile and Other Essays. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2000.
__________. "Representing the Colonized: Anthropology's Interlocutors." Critical Inquiry 15, 2 (Winter, 1989): 205-225.
__________. “A Window on the World,” 2 August 2003. At The Guardian (https://www.theguardian.com). Accessed 12 August 2017.
__________. The World, the Text, and the Critic. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1983.
Said, Edward and Oleg Grabar, reply by Bernard Lewis. "Orientalism: an Exchange." The New York Review of Books (12 August 1982).
Salama, Mohammad. Islam, Orientalism and Intellectual History: Modernity and the Politics of Exclusion Since Ibn Khaldūn. London and New York: I. B. Tauris & Co Ltd., 2011.
Salgado, Minoli. "The New Cartographies of Re-Orientalism." The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 46, 2 ( June 2011): 199-218.
Salih, Ruba. "The Backward and the New: National, Transnational and Post‐National Islam in Europe." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 30, 5 (2004): 995-1011.
Samiei, Mohammad. "Neo-Orientalism? A Critical Appraisal of Changing Western Perspectives: Bernard Lewis, John Esposito and Gilles Kepel." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Westminster, 2009.
__________. "Neo-Orientalism? The Relationship Between the West and Islam in Our Globalised World." Third World Quarterly 31, 7 (2010): 1145-1160.
al-Samarrai, Qasim. "Discussions on Orientalism in present-day Saudi Arabia." In Modern Societies and the Science of Religions: Studies in Honour of Lammert Leertouwer. Edited by Wiegers, Gerard, 283-301. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2002.
Sanders, Paula. "The Victorian Invention of Medieval Cairo: A Case Study of Medievalism and the Construction of the East." Middle East Studies Association Bulletin 37, 2 (December 2003): 179-198.
Sapra, Rahui. The Limits of Orientalism: Seventeenth-Century Representations of India. Newark, Delaware: University of Delaware Press and Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 2011.
Sardar, Ziauddin. Orientalism. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Open University Press, 1999.
Sarkar, Sumit. "Orientalism Revisited: Saidian Frameworks in the Writing of Modern Indian History." Oxford Literary Review 16, 1-2 (1994): 205-224.
Saul, Nicholas. Gypsies and Orientalism in German Literature and Anthropology of the Long Nineteenth Century. London: Legenda, 2007.
Sawyer, Suzana, and Arun Agrawal. “Environmental Orientalisms.” Cultural Critique 45 (Spring 2000): 71-108.
Sax, William S. “The Hall of Mirrors: Orientalism, Anthropology, and the Other.” American Anthropologist, New Series 100, 2 (June 1998): 292-301.
Schaub, Uta Liebmann. "Foucault's Oriental Subtext." PMLA 104, 3 (May 1989): 306-316.
Schein, Louisa. "Gender and Internal Orientalism in China." Modern China 23, 1 (January 1997): 69-98.
Scherer, Frank F. "Sanfancón: Orientalism, Self-Orientalization, and 'Chinese Religion' in Cuba." In Nation Dance: Religion, Identity, and Cultural Difference in the Caribbean. Edited by Patrick Taylor, 153-170. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2001.
Schimmelpenninck van der Oye, David. Russian Orientalism: Asia in the Russian Mind from Peter the Great to the Emigration, New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2010.
Schneider, Jane. Italy's Southern Question: Orientalism in One Country. Oxford: Berg, 1998.
Schneider, Rolf Michael. "Friend and Foe: the Orient in Rome." In The Idea of Iran, vol. 2 of The Age of the Parthians. Edited by Vesta Sarkhosh Curtis and Sarah Stewart, 50-86.
Schueller, Malini Johar. U.S. Orientalisms: Race, Nation, and Gender in Literature, 1790-1890. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 1998.
Schumm, Darla Y. "Rethinking Christian Missions: Said's Orientalism and Christian Missionary Responses to Prostitution in Thailand." Missiology: An International Review 36, 4 (October 2008): 475-489.
Schwab, Raymond. Oriental Renaissance: Europe's Rediscovery of India and the East, 1680-1880. Translated by Gene Patterson-Black and Victor Reinking. New York: Columbia University Press, 1984.
Scott, Derek B. “Ideology & Musical Style.” In Orbis Musicae 13. Edited by Shai Burstyn, et. al., 107-115. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University, 2003.
__________. "Orientalism and Musical Style." The Musical Quarterly 82, 2 (Summer, 1998): 309-335.
Scullion, Rosemarie. "Michel Foucault the Orientalist: On Revolutionary Iran and the 'Spirit of Islam'." South Central Review 12, 2 (Summer, 1995): 16-40.
Semmerling, T. J. “Evil” Arabs in American Popular Film: Orientalist Fear. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press, 2006.
Sha'ban, Fuad. Islam and Arabs in Early American Thought: The Roots of Orientalism in America. Durham, North Carolina: Acorn Press, 1991.
Sharafuddin, Mohammed Ahmed. Islam and Romantic Orientalism: Literary Encounters with the Orient. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 1996.
__________. "A Study of Orientalism in English Verse and Narrative, 1798-1817." Ph.D dissertation, University of York, 1988.
Sharma, Sanjay, and Ashwani Sharma. “White Paranoia: Orientalism in the Age of Empire.” Fashion Theory 7, 3-4 (2003): 301-318.
Shay, Anthony and Barbara Sellers-Young, eds. Belly Dance: Orientalism, Transnationalism, and Harem Fantasy. Costa Mesa, California: Mazda Publishers, 2005.
Sherry, Mark. "Said, Edward Wadie." Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers. Edited by John Shook, et. al., v.4, 2106-2110. Bristol, England: Thoemmes Continuum, 2005.
Shihade, Magid. "On the Difficulty in Predicting and Understanding the Arab Spring: Orientalism, Euro-Centrism, and Modernity." International Journal of Peace Studies 17, 2 (Winter 2012): 57-69.
Shivani, Anis “Indo-Anglian Fiction: the New Orientalism.” Race & Class 47, 4 (April 2006): 1-25.
Sidaway, James D. "Geography, Globalization, and the Problematic of Area Studies." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 103, 4 (2013): 984-1002.
Silver, Ira. "Marketing authenticity in Third World Countries." Annals of Tourism Research 20, 2 (1993): 302-318.
Sim, Gerald. "Said's Marxism: Orientalism's Relationship to Film Studies and Race." Discourse 34, 2-3 (Spring/Fall 2012): 240-262.
Singleton, Mark. "The Classical Reveries of Modern Yoga: Patanjali and Constructive Orientalism." In Yoga in the Modern World: Contemporary Perspectives. Edited by Mark Singleton and Jean Byrne, 137-180. London and New York: Routledge, 2008.
Sivan, Emmanuel. "Edward Said and His Arab Reviewers. In Interpretations of Islam, Past and Present, 133-154. Princeton, NJ: Darwin Press, 1985.
Sivasundaram, Sujit. “’A Christian Benares’: Orientalism, Science and the Serampore Mission of Bengal.” Indian Economic and Social History Review 44, 2 (2007): 111-145.
Smith, David. “Orientalism and Hinduism.” In The Blackwell Companion of Hinduism. Edited by Gavin Flood, 45-64. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Snedeker, George. "Edward Said and the Critique of Orientalism." Nature, Society, and Thought 3, 2 (1990): 145-65.
Snodgrass, Judith. Presenting Japanese Buddhism to the West: Orientalism, Occidentalism, and the Columbian Exposition. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.
Spackman, Barbara. Accidental Orientalists: Modern Italian Travelers in Ottoman Lands. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2017.
Spanos, William V. The Legacy of Edward W. Said. Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 2009.
Spaulding, Jay, and Lidwien Kapteijns. "The Orientalism Paradigm in the Historiography of the Late Precolonial Sudan." In Golden Ages, Dark Ages: Imagining the Past in Anthropology and History. Edited by Jay O'Brien and William Roseberry, 139-151. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1991.
Sprinker, Michael, ed. Edward Said: A Critical Reader. Oxford: Blackwell, 1992.
Stevens, Mary Anne. The Orientalists: Delacroix to Matisse, European Painters in North Africa and the Near East. London: Royal Academy of Arts in association with Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1984.
Stevens, Michael S. "Spanish Orientalism: Washington Irving and the Romance of the Moors." Ph.D. dissertation, Georgia State University, 2007.
Sultana, Fehmida. "Romantic Orientalism and Islam: Southey, Shelley, Moore, and Byron." Ph.D. disseration, Tufts University, 1989.
Sutherland, Heather. "Symposium on Edward W. Said's Orientalism (1978). Journal of Asian Studies 39, 3 (May 1980): 481-517.
Swanson, Herbert R. "Said's Orientalism and the Study of Christian Missions." International Bulletin of Missionary Research 28, 3 (July 2004): 107-112.
Sweetman, John. The Oriental Obsession. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
Takegawa, Shogo. “The End of Welfare Orientalism: Lessons from the Republic of Korea Welfare State Dispute.” In Korean Welfare State, Japanese Welfare State. Edited by Shogo Takegawa and Kim Yeon Myung, 54-76. Tokyo: Toshindo, 2005.
Taki, Victor. "Orientalism on the Margins: The Ottoman Empire under Russian Eyes." Kriita: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 12, 2 (Spring 2011): 321-351.
Taleb, Hala Abdul Haleem Abu. "Gender, Media, Culture and the Middle East." Ph.D. dissertation, Washington State University, 2009.
Taruskin, Richard. "'Entoiling the Falconet': Russian Musical Orientalism in Context." Cambridge Opera Journal 4, 3 (November 1992): 253-280.
Tavakoli-Targhi, Mohamad. "Orientalism's Genesis Amnesia." Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 16, 1 (Spring 1996): 1-14.
__________. Refashioning Iran: Orientalism, Occidentalism, and Historiography. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, England: Palgrave, 2001.
Tchen, John Kuo Wei. New York before Chinatown: Orientalism and the Shaping of American Culture, 1776-1882. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.
Telmissany, May and Stephanie Tara Schwartz. Counterpoints: Edward Said’s Legacy. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010.
Teo, Hsu-Ming. “American Popular Culture Through the Lens of Saidian and Post-Saidian Orientalist Critiques.” Critical Race and Whiteness Studies 10, 1 (2014).
__________. Desert Passions: Orientalism and Romance Novels. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press, 2012.
__________. “Orientalism: An Overview.” Australian Humanities Review 54 (May 2013: 1-20).
Teti, Andrea. "Orientalism as a form of Confession." Foucault Studies 17 (April 2014): 193‐212.
Thomas, Megan C. Orientalists, Propagandists, and Ilustrados: Filipino Scholarship and the End of Spanish Colonialism. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 2012.
Thomas, Nicholas. “Anthropology and Orientalism.” Anthropology Today 7, 2 (April 1991): 4-7.
Thomas, Richard G. “Philology in Vietnam and its Impact on Southeast Asian Cultural History.” Modern Asian Studies 40, 2 (2006): 477-515.
Thomasson, Fredirk. The Life of J. D. Åkerblad: Egyptian Decipherment and Orientalism in Revolutionary Times. Leiden: Brill, 2012.
Thompson, James. The East: Imagined, Experienced, Remembered - Orientalist Nineteenth Century Painting. Liverpool: National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, 1988.
Thoral, Marie-Cecile. "Sartorial Orientalism: Cross-cultural Dressing in Colonial Algeria and Methropolitan France in the Nineteenth Century." European History Quarterly 45, 1 (January 2015): 57-82.
Thornton, Lynne. Women as Portrayed in Orientalist Painting. Paris: ACR Edition, 1985.
Tibawi, A. L. "English-Speaking Orientalists: A Critique of Their Approach to Islam and Arab Nationalism. Part 1." Islamic Quarterly 8, 1 & 2 (January-June 1964): 25-45.
__________. "English-Speaking Orientalists: A Critique of Their Approach to Islam and Arab Nationalism. Part 2." Islamic Quarterly 8, 3 & 4 (July-December 1964): 73-87.
__________. "On the Orientalists Again." Muslim World 70, 1 (January 1980): 56-61.
__________. "Second Critique of English-Speaking Orientalists and Their Approach to Islam and the Arabs." Islamic Quarterly 23, 1 (January-March 1979).
Todorova, Maria. Imagining the Balkans. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Tolmacheva, Marina. “The Medieval Arabic Geographers and the Beginnings of Modern Orientalism.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 27, 2 (May 1995): 141–156.
Tolz, Vera. Russia's Own Orient: the Politics of Identity and Oriental Studies in the Late Imperial and Early Soviet Periods. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Tong, Q. S. “Inventing China: The Use of Orientalist Views on the Chinese Language.” Interventions. International Journal of Postcolonial Studies 2, 1 (January 2000): 6-20.
Trautmann Thomas R. Aryans and British India. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1997.
Treat, John Whittier. Great Mirrors Shattered: Homosexuality, Orientalism, and Japan. New York: Oxford University Press 1999.
Trivundza, Ilija Tomanic. "Orientalism as News: Pictorial Representations of the US Attack on Iraq in Delo." Journalism 5, 4 (November 2004): 480-499.
Tuastad, Dag. “Neo-Orientalism and the New Barbarism Thesis: Aspects of Symbolic Violence in the Middle East Conflict(s).” Third World Quarterly 24, 4 (August 2003): 591-599.
Turner, Bryan S. Marx and the End of Orientalism. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1978.
__________. "On the Concept of Axial Space: Orientalism and the Originary." Journal of Social Archaeology 1, 1 (June 2001): 62-74.
__________. “Orientalism, or the Politics of the Text.” In Interpreting Islam. Edited by Hastings Donnan, 20-31. London: SAGE Publications, 2002.
__________. Orientalism, Postmodernism, and Globalism. London: Routledge, 1994.
__________. "Research Note: From Orientalism to Global Society." Sociology 23, 4 (November 1989): 629-638.
Ueno, Chizuko “In the Feminine Guise: A Trap of Reverse Orientalism.” U.S.-Japan Women's Journal. English Supplement 13 (1997): 3-25.
Uždavinys, Algis. "Sufism in the Light of Orientalism." Acta Orientalia Vilnensia 6, 2 (2005): 114–125.
Varisco, Daniel Martin. "Edward Said and the Culture behind Orientalism." Expositions 7, 2 (2013): 52–54.
__________. "‘Orientalism and Bibliolatry: Framing the Holy Land in 19th Century Protestant Bible Customs Texts.” In Orientalism Revisited: Land, Art and Voyage, 187–204. Edited by Richard Netton. London: Routledge, 2013.
__________. Orientalism and Islam: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.
__________. “Reading against Culture in Edward Said’s Culture and Imperialism.” Culture, Theory and Critique 45, 2 (2004): 93–112.
__________. Reading Orientalism: Said and the Unsaid. Seattle, Washington: University of Washington Press, 2007.
__________. "When Did the Holy Land Stop Being Holy? Surveying the Middle East as Sacred Geography.” In Is There a Middle East? The Evolution of a Geopolitical Concept, 119–138. Edited by Michael Bonine, et. al. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2011.
Veena, M. S. and P. V. Ramanathan. "New Orientalism in Literature: A Critical Overview." The Criterion: An International Journal in English 4, 2 (April 2013): 1-7.
Verona, Roxana. "A Cosmopolitan Orientalism: Paul Morand Goes East." Sites: Journal of the Twentieth-century Studies/Contemporary French Studies 5, 1 (2001): 157-169.
Versluis, Arthur. American Transcendentalism and Asian Religions. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Versluys, Miguel John. "Orientalising Roman Gods." In Panthée: Religious Transformations in the Graeco-Roman Empire. Edited by Laurent Bricault and Corinne Bonne, 235-259. Boston: Brill, 2013.
Vickery, Matthew. Implications of Edward Said's Orientalism (1978) for the Social Scientific Study of the Contemporary Middle East. Munich: GRIN Verlag, 2013.
Viswanathan, Gauri, ed. Power, Politics, and Culture: Interviews With Edward Said. New York: Vintage, 2001.
Vries, Hent de. "Orientalism." In Encyclopedia of Religion. 2nd ed. Edited by Lindsay Jones, 6881-6885. New York, Macmillan, 2005.
Vukovich, Daniel. China and Orientalism: Western Knowledge Production and the PRC. Oxon, England and New York: Routledge, 2012.
Waardenburg, Jacques. “Mustashrikun.” The Encyclopaedia of Islam, volume 7:735–753. 2d ed. Leiden, the Netherlands: Brill, 1993.
Wahab, Amar. "Mapping West Indian Orientalism: Race, Gender and Representations of Indentured Coolies in the Nineteenth-Century British West Indies." Journal of Asian American Studies 10, 3 (October 2007): 283-311.
Wahba, M. "An Anger Observed." Journal of Arabic Literature. 20, 2 (1989):187-199.
Wainwright, Joel. Decolonizing Development: Colonial Power and the Maya. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing, 2008.
Walbridge, John. (2001) The Wisdom of the Mystic East: Suhrawardi and Platonic Orientalism. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, 2001.
Walia, Shelley. Edward Said and the Writing of History. Cambridge: Icon, 2001.
Wang, Hui. Translating Chinese Classics in a Colonial Context: James Legge and His Two Versions of the Zhongyong. Bern and New York: Peter Lang, 2008.
Wang, Jennie. The Iron Curtain of Language: Maxine Hong Kingston and American Orientalism. Shanghai: Fudan University Press, 2007.
Wang, Ning. "Orientalism versus Occidentalism?" New Literary History 28, 1 (Winter 1997): 57-67.
Ware, Vron. Beyond the Pale: White Women, Racism and History. London and New York: Verso, 1992.
Warraq, Ibn. Defending the West: A Critique of Edward Said's Orientalism. Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books, 2007.
Washbrook, D. A. "Orients and Occidents: Colonial Discourse Theory and the Historiography of the British Empire." In The Oxford History of the British Empire. Edited by Wm. Roger Louis. Volume V, Historiography. Edited by Robin W. Winks, 596-611. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Weber, Charlotte. "Unveiling Scheherazade: Feminist Orientalism in the International Alliance of Women, 1911-1950." Feminist Studies 27, 1 (Spring 2001): 125-157.
Weeks, Emily M. "About face: Sir David Wilie's Protrait of Mehemet Ali, Pasha of Egypt." In Orientalism Transposed: The Impact of the Colonies on British Culture. Edited by Julie F. Codell and Dianne Sachko Macleod, 46-58. Ashgate, 1998.
Weiner, Justus Reid. "'My Beautiful Old House' and Other Fabrications by Edward Said." Commentary (September 1999): 23-31.
West, D. A. "Re-searching the North in Canada: An Introduction to the Canadian Northern Discourse." Journal of Canadian Studies 26, 2 (Summer 1991):108-119.
Westwood, Robert. "International Business and Management Studies as an Orientalist Discourse: A Postcolonial Critique." Critical Perspectives on International Business 2, 2 (2006): 91-113.
White, Gordon and Roger Goodman. "Welfare Orientalism and the Search for an East Asian Welfare Model." In The East Asian Welfare Model: Welfare Orientalism and the State. Edited by Roger Goodman, Gordon White, and Huck-ju Kwon, 3-24. New York: Routledge, 1998.
Wilkinson, Robert J. Orientalism, Aramaic and Kabbalah in the Catholic Reformation: the First Printing of the Syriac New Testament. Leiden, the Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV, 2007.
Williams, Patrick, ed. Edward Said 4 vols. London: SAGE Publications, 2001.
__________. "Versions of Orientalism." Paragraph: A Journal of Modern Critical Theory 23, 2 (July 2000): 233-42.
Willison, Rachel Beckles. Orientalism and Musical Mission: Palestine and the West. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
Wilson, Ernest J. "Orientalism: A Black Perspective." Journal of Palestine Studies 10, 2 (Winter 1981): 59-69.
Windschuttle, Keith. "Edward Said's 'Orientalism revisited.'" New Criterion 17, 5 (January 1999): 30-38.
Wittfogel, Karl August. Oriental Despotism: A Comparative Study of Total Power. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1957.
Wittler, Kathrin. "'Good to Think': (Re)Conceptualizing German-Jewish Orientalism." In Orientalism, Gender, and the Jews: Literary and Artistic Transformations of European National Discourse. Edited by Ulrike Brunotte, Anna-Dorothea Ludewig, and Axel Stähler, 63-81. Berlin and Boston: Walter De Gruyter Oldenbourg, 2015.
Wixted, John Timothy. “Reverse Orientalism.” Sino-Japanese Studies 2, 1 (December 1989): 17-27.
Woköck, Ursula. German Orientalism: the Study of the Middle East and Islam from 1800 to 1945. London and New York: Routledge, 2009.
Wollen, Peter. "Fashion/Orientalism/the Body." New Formations 1,1 (Spring 1987): 5-33.
Womack, Deanna Ferre. “Edward Said and the Orientalised Body: A Call for Missiological Engagement.” Swedish Missiological Themes 99, 4 (2011): 441–61.
Wu, Judy Tzu-Chun. “Rethinking Global Sisterhood: Peace Activism and Women’s Orientalism.” In No Permanent Waves: Recasting Histories of U.S. Feminism. Edited by Nancy A. Hewitt, 193–220. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2010.
Xavier, Ângela Barreto, and Ines G. Županov. Catholic Orientalism: Portuguese Empire, Indian Knowledge (16th-18th Centuries). New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2015.
Yan, Grace, and Carla Almeida Santos. "'China, Forever': Tourism Discourse and Self-Orientalism." Annals of Tourism Research 36, 2 (April 2009): 295–315.
Yee, Jennifer. The Colonial Comedy: Imperialism in the French Realist Novel. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. [Critical Orientalism]
Yeğenoğlu, Meyda. Colonial Fantasies: Towards a Feminist Reading of Orientalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
__________. "Supplementing the Orientalist Lack: European Ladies in the Harem." In Orientalism and Cultural Differences, edidted by Mahmut Mutman and Meyda Yegenoglu, 45-80. Center for Cultural Studies, U. C. S. C., 1992.
__________. "Veiled Fantasies: Cultural and Sexual Difference in the Discourse of Orientalism." In Feminist Postcolonial Theory: A Reader. Edited by Reina Lewis and Sara Mills, 542-566. New York: Routledge, 2003.
Yeghiayan, Eddie. "Works by Edward W. Said: A Bibliography." Available online at the UCI Libraries (here).
Yong-Hwa, Chung. "The Modern Transformation of Korean Identity: Enlightenment and Orientalism." Korea Journal 46, 1 (Spring 2006): 109-138.
Yoshihara, Mari. Embracing the East: White Women and American Orientalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Young, Robert. "Disorienting Orientalism." In White Mythologies: Writing History and the West, 119-140. London: Routledge, 1990.
Youngs, Tim. "The Connection Between Things." Nineteenth-Century Studies 19 (1995): 81-84.
Yu, Henry. Thinking Orientals: Migration, Contact, and Exoticism in Modern America. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Zein, M. Faruk. Christianity, Islam and Orientalism. London: Saqi, 2003.
Zeleza, Tiyambe, "The Politics and Poetics of Exile: Edward Said in Africa." Research in African Literatures 36, 3 (Fall 2005): 1-22.
Zerlang, Martin. "Danish Orientalism." Current Writing: Text and Reception in Southern Africa 18, 2 (2006): 119-135.
__________. ”Orientalism and Modernity: Tivoli in Copenhagen." Nineteenth-Century Contexts 20, 1 (1997): 81-110.
Zeydanlıoğlu, Welat. "'The White Turkish Man’s Burden': Orientalism, Kemalism and the Kurds in Turkey." In Neo-colonial Mentalities in Contemporary Europe? Language and Discourse in the Construction of Identities,. Edited by Guido Rings and Anne Ife, 155-174. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008.
Zine, Jasmin. "Between Orientalism and Fundamentalism: The Politics of Muslim Women's Feminist Engagement." Muslim World Journal of Human Rights 3, 1 (August 2006).
Ziter, Edward. The Orient on the Stage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
__________. ”Staging the Geographic Imagination: Imperial Melodrama and the Domestication of the Exotic.” In Land/scape/theater. Edited by Elinor Fuchs and Una Chaudhuri, 189-208. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 2002.
Zonana, Joyce. "The Sultan and the Slave: Feminist Orientalism and the Structure of 'Jane Eyre'." Signs 18, 3 (Spring 1993): 592-617.
A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z - Reviews
Reviews of Said's Orientalism
Arac, Jonathan. Clio 9, 3 (Spring 1980): 465-468.
Asad, Talal. English Historical Review 95, 376 (July 1980): 648-649.
Beckingham, C. F. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 42, 3 (October 1979): 562-564.
Brombert, Victor. American Scholar 48, 4 (Autumn 1979): 532-542.
Butterworth, Charles E. The American Political Science Review 74, 1 (March 1980): 174–176.
Clifford, James. History and Theory 19, 2 (February 1980): 204-223.
al-Dabbagh, Abdulla. Sixteenth Century Journal 40, 1 (Spring 2009): 27-30.
Daniel, Norman. Mélanges De L'institut Dominicain D'Études Orientales 15 (1982): 211-222.
Dawn, C. Ernest. American Historical Review 84, 5(December 1979): 1334.
Gran, Peter. Journal of the American Oriental Society. 100, 3 (July-October, 1980): 328-331.
Hitchens, Christopher. Atlantic 292, 2 (September 2003): 153.
Hourani, Albert. New York Review of Books (8 March 1979): 27-30.
Kerr, Malcolm H. International Journal of Middle East Studies 12, 4 (December 1980): 544-547.
Kiernan, V. G. Journal of Contemporary Asia 9, 3 (1979): 345-350.
Manzalaoui, Mahmoud. The Modern Language Review 75, 4 (October 1980): 837-839.
Minear, Richard H. “Orientalism and the Study of Japan.” Journal of Asian Studies 39, 3 (May 1980): 507-517.
Patal, Raphael. Midstream 25, 9 (November 1979): 62-66.
Pipes, Daniel. Presented to the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society, 1979. Available online (here).
Plumb, J. H. New York Times Book Review (18 February 1979).
Quandt, William B. Foreign Affairs 76, 5 (September-October 1997): 232.
Rosen, Lawrence. Boston Review (1 January 2007). Available online (here).
Schar, Stuart. Race and Class 21, 1 (1979): 67-80.
Swanson, Herbert R. HeRB 7 (September 2003). Available online (here).
Turner, Bryan. Iranian Studies 14, 1-2 (Winter-Spring 1981), 107-112.
Wieseltier, Leon. New Republic 180, 14 (7 April 1979: 27-30, 32-33.
Winder, Bayly. Middle East Journal 35, 4 (Autumn, 1981): 615-619.
Yeghiayan, Eddie. "Reviews of Edward Said's Orientalism (1978)." Available online (here).