top of page


Abaza, Mona. "The Discourse on Islamic Fundamentalism in the Middle East and Southeast Asia: A Critical Perspective." Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia 6, 2 (August 1991): 203-239.

Abaza, Mona, and Georg Stauth. "Occidental Reason, Orientalism, Islamic Fundamentalism: A Critique." International Sociology 3, 4 (December 1988): 343-364.

Abdel-Malek, Anouar. "Orientalism in Crisis." Diogenes 11, 44 (December 1963): 103-140.

Abdul-Masih, Magi. “Orientalism in Christian Theology.” In Christians and the Middle East Conflict. Edited by Paul S. Rowe, John H. A. Dyck and Jens Zimmermann, 44-52. New York: Routledge, 2014.

Abu-Lughod, Lila. Do Muslim Women Need Saving? Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2013.

__________. "Orientalism and Middle East Feminist Studies." Feminist Studies 27, 1 (Spring 2001): 101-113.

__________. "Zones of Theory in the Anthropology of the Arab World." Annual Review of Anthropology 18 (1989): 267-306.

Achcar, Gilbert. Marxism, Orientalism, Cosmopolitanism. Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2013.

Ackerman, Gerald. American Orientalists. Paris: Art Creation Realisation, 1994.

Adluri, Vishwa P. “Pride and Prejudice: Orientalism and German Indology.” International Journal of Hindu Studies 15, 3 (December 2011): 253-292.

Adamovsky, Ezqueil. Euro-Orientalism: Liberal Ideology and the Image of Russia in France (c. 1740-1880). Bern and Oxford: Peter Lang, 2006.

Adnan-Adivar, Abdülhak. “A Turkish Account of Orientalism: A Translation of the Introduction to the Turkish Edition of the Encyclopedia of Islam.” Muslim World 43, 4 (October 1953): 260–282.

Ahmad, Aijaz. "Between Orientalism and Historicism." Studies in History 7, 1 (February 1991): 135-163.

__________. "Orientalism and After: Ambivalence and Cosmopolitan Location in the Work of Edward Said." Economic and Political Weekly 27, 30 (July25, 1992): PE98-PE116.

__________. "Orientalism and After: Ambivalence and Metropolitan Location in the Work of Edward Said." In Theory: Classes, Nations, Literatures, 159-220. London: Verso, 1992.

__________. “Orientalism and the Permanent Fix of War.” In The Postcolonial Enlightenment: Eighteenth-Century Colonialism and Post-Colonial Theory. Edited by Daniel Carey and Lynn Festa, 167-206. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Al-i Ahmad, Jala, and Hamad Algar, eds. Occidentosis: A Plague from the West. Berkeley, California: Mizen Press, 1984.

Akram, Susan Musarrat. "Orientalism Revisited in Asylum and Refugee Claims." In Moral Imperialism: A Critical Anthology. Edited by Berta Esperanza Hernández-Truyol, 61-77. New York: New York University Press, 2002.

Alam, M. Shahid. Challenging the New Orientalism: Dissenting Essays on the "War Against Islam". North Haledon, New Jersey: Islamic Publications International, 2006.

Alatas, Syed Farid. “Alternative Discourses in Southeast Asia.” Sari 19 (2001): 49-67.

Alloula, Malek. The Colonial Harem. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 1986.

Almond, Ian. History of Islam in German Thought: From Leibniz to Nietzsche. London: Rutledge, 2011.

__________. The New Orientalists: Postmodern Representations of Islam from Foucault to Baudrillard. London: I. B. Tauris, 2007.

Alsulami, Mohammed S.H. "Iranian Orientalism: Notions of the Other in Modern Iranian Thought." Ph.D. dissertation, Leiden University, 2014.

Amin-Khan, Tariq. "New Orientalism, Securitisation and the Western Media's Incendiary Racism." Third World Quarterly 33, 9 (2012): 1595-1610.

Amstutz, Galen Dean. Interpreting Amida: History and Orientalism in the Study of Pure Land Buddhism. Albany, New York: State University of New YorkPress, 1997.

Andrijauskas, Antanas. "Searching for Lithuanian Identity Between East and West." In Lithuanian Identity and Values. Edited by Aida Savicka, 53-79.  Washington, D.C. : Council for Research in Values and Philosophy, 2007.

Angotti, Tom. The New Century of the Metropolis: Urban Enclaves and Orientalism. New York: Routledge, 2012.

Ansell-Pearson, Keith, Benita Parry, and Judith Squires, eds. Cultural Readings of Imperialism: Edward Said and the Gravity of History. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997.

App, Urs. The Birth of Orientalism: Encounters with Asia. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010.

Aravamudan, Srinivas. Enlightenment Orientalism: Resisting the Rise of the Novel. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.

Arberry, A. J. Oriental Essays: Portraits of Seven Scholars. London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd., [1960].

Arjana, Sophia Rose. "The Monsters of Orientalism." In Muslims in the Western Imagination, 84-131. New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Aruri, Naseer Hasan and Muhammad A. Shuraydi. Revising Culture, Reinventing Peace: The Influence of Edward W. Said. New York: Olive Branch Press. 2001.

Ashcroft, Bill. "Representation and Its Discontents: Orientalism, Islam and the Palestinian Crisis." Religion 34, 2 (April 2004): 113-121.

__________. "Representation and Liberation: From Orientalism to the Palestinian Crisis." In Edward Said: A Legacy of Emancipation and Representation. Edited by Adel Iskander and Hakem Rustom, 291-303. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 2010.

Ashcroft, Bill and Pal Ahluwalia. Edward Said. London: Routledge, 2001.

Alatas, Syed Hussein. The Myth of the Lazy Native: A Study of the Image of the Malays, Filipinos and Javanese from the 16th to the 20th Century and its Function in the Ideology of Colonial Capitalism. London: Frank Cass, 1977.

Aull, Felice, and Bradley Lewis. “Medical Intellectuals: Resisting Medical Orientalism.” Journal of Medical Humanities 25, 2 (Summer 2004): 87-108.

Axelrod, Paul, and Fuerch, Michelle A. “Portuguese Orientalism and the Making of the Village Communities of Goa.” Ethnohistory 45, 3 (Summer 1998): 439-476.

al-Azm, Sadik Jalal. "Orientalism and Orientalism in Reverse." Khamsin 8 (1981): 5-26. Reprinted in Orientalism: A Reader. Edited by A. L. Macfie, 217-238. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000.

al-Azmeh, Aziz. Islams and Modernities. London: Verso, 1993. 2nd ed. London and New York: Verso, 1996.

bottom of page